What’S A Slow Roll In Poker?

slow roll Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary ( third-person singular simple present, present participle, simple past and past participle )

  1. ( ) To make a long before an bet with a strong, usually very strong,,
  2. ( ) To make a long before revealing one’s winning hand.
  3. (, by extension ) To by ; to,
    • 2018 March 21, Elaina Plott, “Trump Vents His Anger Over Border-Wall Funding”, in The Atlantic ‎ : The president is upset with congressional leaders for slow-rolling his core campaign promise, and for failing to defund sanctuary cities in their spending bill.
    • For more quotations using this term, see,

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What is a slow roll out?

Introducing Features With a Slow Rollout – As someone working in tech, you will have assumptions about how your product should or shouldn’t work. It’s wise to remember that sometimes you may be wrong (and at some point, this is very likely). So I can’t emphasize the importance of testing and early feedback enough.

My advice for engineering managers is to release features slowly. Start by introducing new functionalities to a small percentage of users. My go-to is between 1 to 5% of users initially, then increase when you have confidence in your feature. That is what we call a “slow rollout.” Do this for every feature that you launch.

It enables you to get a workable amount of feedback while not disrupting your users too much. Additionally, before defining a new functionality, do some user research with specifically targeted users. Take the time and opportunity to learn from your responses without impacting your entire user base.

  1. By adopting this phased approach, you reduce the risk of failure drastically.
  2. As an engineering leader, you can take in the user feedback and manage your product on a more consistent basis with the help of your partners.
  3. Rather than overworking on shaky foundations, your developers can build on tested, approved, and needed features.

Overall, a slow rollout will enable your team to execute smoother product launches with less effort and more confidence.
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How do you slow roll someone?

What is a Slow Roll in Poker? – A slow roll is when a player purposefully pauses before calling a (usually all-in) bet with an extremely strong or unbeatable poker hand. It’s also considered a slow roll when a player intentionally pauses before revealing the winning hand at showdown.

A pure show of bad sportsmanship and taunting, the goal of a slow roll is to give the opponent hope that they are going to win the hand, only to pull the rug out from under them. Slow rolling will almost certainly draw the ire, or in some cases laughter, of other players at the table.Let’s take a look at five filthy slow rolls that left others in the poker room fuming:

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When should you slow roll?

Focus: – Slow Rolling is the process where you roll your gold above 50 to slowly find the core units you need to 3 star. This often happens when your main carry is 1 or 2 cost. This strategy can be strong if you hit your units early, but can also be scary if you find your units too slowly and lose too much health in the process.
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Is slow rolling allowed in poker?

Poker is a funny game with seemingly contradictory ideas found in abundance. On one hand lying, needling, and even overtly trash talking other players is an everyday part of gameplay. On the other hand, there are lines that are taboo and should never be crossed.

One of them is slow rolling. In fact, if you slow roll someone, even accidentally you are likely to become, at best, ostracised at your table and, at worst, may even start a fistfight. So what is a slow roll? A slow roll occurs at showdown when a player with an extremely strong hand, often the nuts, faces river bet and then delays calling or turning over his cards.

This is usually done to give an opponent false hope that he holds the winning hand. Slow rolling is a serious breach of poker etiquette. Here are three specific examples of ways that a player can slow roll an opponent while holding a strong hand:

  1. Pausing on the river after facing a big bet or all-in
  2. Calling quickly but then taking a long time to turn over the winning cards
  3. Pretending to be disappointed or admitting defeat at any point after the bet or all-in before turning over the winning hand

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How does slow roll work?

What is Slow Rolling? Slow rolling in Teamfight Tactics involves winning a large amount of gold in the mid and late stages of the game. Basically, it is not advisable to spend gold on re-rolls in the shop but to save them in order to have a large stock of gold for rolling later in the game.
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What is a fish in poker?

Poker fish is a technical term used to describe a weak or an inexperienced player on the poker table but is also considered rude and derogatory. A fish may be a recreational or an inexperienced player who is targeted by skilled and professional players to win pots.
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How much should you slow down before turning?

Slow before you make the turn – Start slowly accelerating mid-way through the turn to complete it. Going too fast through a turn can cause you to overturn your car! You should not exceed 10-15 MPH on a 90 degree turn.
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What is hyper roll strategy?

TFT Hyper Roll requires you to think fast! – The absolutely most important thing to do when playing Hyper Roll is to always be thinking as fast as possible. With far fewer rounds to decide what to do, it’s crucial you have fast decision-making. No matter what stage of the game you’re at, you need to make sure you’re keeping up with the rest of the lobby.

  • That means you usually can’t afford to be sitting on gold and thinking about what you want to do.
  • If you take too long to decide your next move, the rest of your lobby will undoubtedly get stronger.
  • If you don’t spend your gold quick enough, you’ll fall too far behind and hemorrhage HP.
  • Whereas standard TFT is more forgiving in this regard, Hyper Roll is fast and fairly unforgiving.

Make sure you’re focused and always planning your next move or get left in the dust! What Think fast and jump straight into an early lead! Photo via Riot Games.
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What is the most unbeatable hand in poker?

Poker-hand rankings: from strongest to weakest – 1. Royal flush The royal flush sits atop the poker-hand rankings as the best hand possible. It features five consecutive cards of the same suit in order of value from 10 through to ace.2. Straight flush Any five cards of sequential values in the same suit that’s not a royal flush is a straight flush.

  • It can only be beaten by a royal flush or another straight flush including higher-ranking cards.3.
  • Four of a kind The same card in all four suits.
  • The five-card hand is completed by the highest card among the others on the table or in your hand.4.
  • Full house A hand comprising the same value card in three different suits (three of a kind) and a separate pair of the same rank card in two different suits.

When more than one player has a full house the winning hand is the one with the higher or highest value three of a kind.5. Flush Five cards of the same suit in any order whatsoever. When two players have flushes the flush featuring the highest valued card is the winning poker hand.6.

Straight Five cards of sequential numerical value composed of more than one suit. An ace can usually rank as either high (above a king), or low (below a 2), but not both in the same hand.7. Three of a kind A poker hand containing three cards of the same rank in three different suits. The two highest available cards besides the three of a kind complete the hand.8.

Two pairs Two different sets of two cards of matching rank. The highest-ranked remaining card completes the hand.9. Pair A pair of cards of the same rank in different suits. The remainder of the hand is formed from the three highest ranked cards available.10.
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What is the 7 2 rule in poker?

The 7-2 Game A few nights ago I had the chance to play at friend’s home game where we implemented the 7-2 game. For those of your not familiar, this is where anytime a player wins with 7-2, every other player at the table has to give them some amount of money.

  1. In our case, we were playing a deep-stacked 1/2 game with six players and when someone won with 7-2, they would get $10 (5 BB) from every other player.25 BB total is not a bad score, especially when you’re able to take it down preflop.
  2. Some people hate the game, others love it, and I certainly fall into the later category.

Anything to drum up action and encourage bluffing is a win in my book. At first, it no one was getting dealt 7-2. After at least four orbits the hand was not shown down and everyone said they hadn’t seen the had once. This makes sense though- of the 1326 possible starting hand combos in NLHE, 7-2 comprises only 16 of them, for a little over 1% of total possible hands.

  1. After about an hour though of no one getting the hand, seemingly all at once, a very high proportion were getting dealt, and this continued for the rest of the night.
  2. There were at least 4x as many 7-2 combos dealt as what one would expect based on the odds (I certainly wasn’t complaining about that!).

While the game is normally fun, somewhat loose, with a good amount of aggression, the 7-2 game transformed the table to have a preflop aggression frequency higher than the toughest online 6max games. It seemed like there was a 3bet every few hands with no one ever really choosing to back down with 7-2.

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On top of the standard 3 and 4bet bluffs with 7-2, there were also a few notable pots where 7-2 triple barreled on a scary board and got called down on all three streets and where a player opted to flat with 7-2 preflop and make a series of bluffs postflop to take it down. For the home game that this was played in, I think the 7-2 game makes a lot of sense.

Everyone could afford to play these stakes so although the hyped up aggression left some people frustrated by the end of the night, it wasn’t going to make anyone not come back. The only scenario in which I could see the 7-2 game not making sense for one’s home game is if the stakes being played are meaningful to some, and the thought of losing 3 buyins or more in a friendly game is something that would discourage players from coming back (although in this type of case, my recommendation would be to lower the stakes, up the stack depth, and bring on the preflop aggression!).

  • What I’m excited to further explore is not the merits of whether or not to play the 7-2 game sometimes – unless you hate action and people bluffing more, it’s worth at least trying for an hour or two.
  • I want to look at how this game effects decisions so if you find yourself in a game where people are playing the 7-2 game, you know how to adjust.

I think it’s fairly obvious for those that have played the 7-2 game, most people over-adjust and bluff too much when holding 7-2. I’m going to look at how the reward of winning a hand wth 7-2 impacts one’s EV and your frequencies. For the sake of simplicity, let’s work with the assumption that the reward for winning with 7-2 is 30 BB – 5 BB at a 7 handed home game.

Let’s say you normally open 3 BB to win 1.5 BB. Now with the 7-2 game in play the reward is 31.5 BB. So it’s clear even in early position 7-2 is a slam-dunk open. Now what about a 3bet? Let’s say you standardly 3bet to 10 BB over a 3 BB open. So now instead of risking 10 BB to win 4.5 BB, you’re risking 10 to win 34.5 BB.

At first glance it might seem like we should be 3betting 100% of the time with 7-2. I think in most games this is probably correct, but if you’re in a really loose game where people rarely fold to 3bets, or up against a particularly sticky player, it might be best to just fold against those type of players.

Because once called preflop, 7-2 has such poor equity against a calling range so without much fold equity postflop, best to just fold pre. Note in these games I would have a tiny or non-existent 3bet bluffing range without the 7-2 game. Most players will have a frequency that they fold to 3bets, even in a loose, aggressive, and deep stacked game, so most of the time you should replace some of your 3bet bluffs with 7-2.

The key when adjusting for this game is not completely throw off your relative frequencies – if you normally 3bet in late position with 9s+ AQ+ for value and A2s-A5s as a bluff, don’t just add 7-2 to your 3betting range unless these players won’t adjust to the 7-2 game – almost no one doesn’t adjust when playing the 7-2 game, if anything, most players in my experience over-adjust and always “put you on 7-2”.

So against most players you should also add at least the proportionate amount of value combos to keep your ratio of value hands to bluffs the same, if not more value hands due to overadjustment. Now on to 4bet bluffing. If a standard 4bet to a 10 BB 3bet is 35 BB, you’re normally risking 35 BB to win 11.5 BB, and with the 7-2 game to win 41.5 BB.

As you can see, after more preflop betting occurs, you’re starting to risk more to win relatively less. The same logic for when to 3bet bluff with 7-2 applies to 4betting, although because of the price we’re laying ourselves, we need to be a little more conservative than with 3betting.

Against a relatively balanced player, we should be 4bet bluffing all combos of 7-2. But against someone who only 3bets very good hands or is looking to gamble with a merged value range, best to fold all combos of 7-2 preflop. I imagine there aren’t many opponents where it is correct to do anything but fold all combos or 4bet all combos.

It would take a particular opponent who is somewhat balanced in their 3betting range but a little too loose to warrant a mixed strategy with 7-2. Postflop Barreling frequencies with 7-2 postflop are largely dependent on the size of the pot after the preflop betting.

  1. In a similar fashion to preflop, it’s likely correct to cbet 100% in a single-raised pot heads up- if our cbet sizing is on average 1/2 pot, then one is risking 3.25 BB to win 37.5 BB.
  2. With multiple players in the pot, it still is likely correct to cbet 100% with 7-2 because of the price.
  3. Even if the 3.25 BB cbet only gets through 15% of the time in a 4way pot, it’s still a really profitable cbet because you’re risking 3.25 BB to win 43.5 BB (only needs to work about 7.5% of the time to break even).

If you’re at a table where it’s so loose that cbets don’t go through on the flop when playing the 7-2 game because everyone puts you on it, don’t ever bluff postflop with 7-2 and please let me know if you ever need another player for the game. In a 3bet pot, the same logic largely applies.

  • In a heads up pot when cbetting the flop you’re risking 10 BB to win 51.5 BB, so you only need the bet to work 18% of the time as opposed to the normal 33% without the 7-2 bonus.
  • Note how much more of an attractive proposition cbetting is in a single-raised versus heads up pot: cbets only need to work 8.5% of the time versus 18% of the time.

And for 4bet pots this then changes to 26.5% which while is better than the 33% that it would need to work without the 7-2 game, won’t change your range as significantly. In a 4bet pot you should probably give up with some combos of 7-2 and replace your worst normal bluffing candidates with 7-2.

  1. Don’t be the guy that makes the hero triple barrel – on each street the extra 30 BB becomes much less of a factor.
  2. If it’s a 3bet pot heads up pot with 200 BB stacks to start the hand, and you get to the river with 100 BB in the pot and 150 BB behind.
  3. You decide to overbet the river and risk 150 BB to win 100 + 30 BB because goddamnit if you’ll lose with 7-2.

Normally you would need this bluff to work 60%. But with the extra 30 BB, this bet still needs to work 53.5% of the time, not that significant of a difference. If you decide it makes sense to have an overbetting range on a particular river card, it will likely make sense to include at least a combo or two of 7-2, just not all 12 combos.

  • Equity when called + fold equity – bet when called and miss + bounty equity = 0
  • Equity is when called = x
  • % Opponent folds = y
  • 7-2 Bounty = z
  • So let’s say I bet 50 into 100 on a flop in a heads up pot.
  • So the base equation before knowing our exact hands, equities, and bounty is the following knowing the size of the bet:
  • x(1-y)*200 + y*100 – 50*(1-x)(1-y) + z = 0
  • The flop is Kc6h9c.
  • Which is a better c-bet bluffing candidate, 72o or J10c?

Let’s approximate that 7-2 has about 5% equity against a continuing range and J10c has 35% equity. Your opponent will fold 33%, 8% more than optimal. In the home game I played, the 7-2 bounty was 50.7-2,05(1-.33)*200 +,33*100 – 50*(1-.05)(1-.33) + 50 = 57.875 J10c,35(1-.33)*200 +,33*100 – 50*(1-.35)(1-.33) + 0 = 58.125

  1. So in this case, we’d expect to profit about $7 (answer of equation – the bet) with our best bluffing candidate as well as 72o betting half pot in a medium sized pot for the stake, without much theoretical difference between the two hands.
  2. Now let’s look at what happens if this flop was bet called and a blank turn comes out.
  3. Kc6h9c4s

Which is a better bluffing candidate now for betting 140 into 200? Let’s adjust the base equation for this bet and pot size, how often your opponent folds (33%, a few % less than optimally against this bet size), and updated equities – 0% for 7-2 and 18% for J10c.

x(1-y)*480 + y*200 – 140*(1-x)(1-y) + z = 0 7-2 0(1-.33)*480 +,33*200 – 140*(1-0)(1-.33) + 50 = 117 J10c,18(1-.33)*480 +,33*200 – 140*(1-.18)(1-.33) + 0 = 201.796 As you can see, as the pot gets bigger, 7-2 becomes significantly worse (EV of -$23 in this example) to bluff compared to good draws (one would expect to profit $61 semibluffing J10c here).

Now a note on river play – if you do get to the river with 7-2, then it becomes your best bluff because none of your bluffs have equity but you get the extra bounty with 7-2. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you should always bluff with all combos of 7-2 you get to the river with, but you should defintely bluff all 7-2 combos before adding other bluffs.

  1. Conclusion The big takeaway is to still be quite aggressive with 7-2 – the extra 30 BB in most circumstances makes it an excellent bluffing candidate.
  2. This becomes less and less true on later streets, and in bloated pots.
  3. Just remember to not get too crazy and have it make your ratio of value bets to bluffs go out of whack – with the addition of 7-2 to a bluffing range, remember to value bet extra thinly.

: The 7-2 Game
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What is the 2/4 rule in poker?

The 4-2 Rule as mentioned previously – The 4-2 Rule is a way to turn the number of drawing outs you have into your odds of hitting them. It’s times 4 on the flop to hit on the turn or river, and times 2 on the turn to hit your draw on the river. Example: a flopped flush draw is 9 outs.
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Is it rude to leave after winning poker?

July 25, 2017 What Playing cash games allows the ultimate flexibility for poker players. Unlike a tournament, you can leave or join a cash game at your convenience. However, opinions vary widely when it comes to the etiquette of appropriate time to leave a cash game. This is one of the most common questions I get from students, particularly when it comes to the concept of “hit and runs.” After winning a big pot in a cash game, when are you allowed to leave the table? Can you leave immediately after you rake in the chips, or should you stick around a bit longer so other players feel like they can win some of “their” chips back? The short answer to this question is that your timing for leaving a cash game should rarely take into account other people’s feelings.

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In general, you should not play longer than planned just so the other players feel a bit better about it. That said, you should almost never leave simply because you won a big pot. There are a variety of valid reasons to quit a poker game. Some of the most common are fatigue, tilt, the game becoming tougher, hitting a stop-loss (i.e., ending a session after losing a predetermined maximum amount), or for other real world reasons.

However, if you are regularly quitting games after winning a big pot, then you are using a “stop-win” — whether you are aware of it or not. A stop-win is when you cease playing after winning a certain amount. For example, some players will quit the game if they win a buy-in or more, or if that pot erases a loss for the day.

  • We do not want to have stop-wins as part of our game plan, especially in games with a capped buy-in, since they will artificially limit our winning sessions.
  • If you quit every time your stack becomes deeper, you will no longer exert your skill edge with deeper stacks against your opponents.
  • Therefore, your overall profitability will be lower.

In general, you should continue to play in a game as long as the game is good, you are playing well, and are properly bankrolled for the game. If you have a valid reason to quit and this happens to occur right after winning a big pot, you may be unfairly accused of hitting and running.

  1. If your opponents complain about this, you can just tell them, “Hey, I’ve got to go, but I’m happy to play again.
  2. I play here all the time and will be back tomorrow/Saturday/next week.” You should attempt to smooth things over over socially in this way.
  3. These social skills can be critical to your long-term profit, especially in private games.

However, by default you should never feel bad about leaving a poker game because the chips you’ve won now belong to you, not your opponents, and you are free to leave the table whenever you like. Your poker career should be thought of as one long continuous session, so it’s artificial to think of it in terms of discrete daily sessions.

Most players think in terms of daily sessions, so if you have to leave abruptly and you’re going to be playing in this poker game regularly, just tell the table you’ll be back soon enough. LearnWPT is a poker training site dedicated to transforming the poker games of rank beginners, skilled amateurs, and aspiring professionals.

Offering both Live Workshops and Online Training, is a one-stop shop for poker education, designed to provide all the tools a player needs to become a winner. Visit LearnWPT.com today and get 2 Free Strategy Episodes that will immediately impact how you play,

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    What poker does to your brain?

    Medical benefits of playing Poker – Reduces risk of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s is known to be a neurodegenerative disorder that has a genetic predisposition and no certain cure has been recognized as of now. However, it can be prevented with certain cognitive sports and poker is one of them.

    1. Studies have shown that playing poker can actually reduce your chances of developing brain-related diseases like Alzheimer’s by over 50 percent.
    2. Leads to rewiring the brain Poker acts like Pushups for our brain.
    3. It strengthens your brain and shields your nerve cells.
    4. Playing poker can help to rewire your brain and help to create myelin for a longer run.

    When we perform any activity consistently, it leads to the creation of new neural pathways. The nerve fibers are surrounded by a myelin sheath. This protects and nourishes the nerve cell. The more often impulses are transmitted through this network, the thicker the myelin sheath becomes.

    • This is called myelination.
    • Hence, the more poker we play the more myelin our brains create.
    • Poker also helps in controlling emotions and making quick decisions that increase cognitive capacity, hence improving your chances of keeping a healthy brain.
    • There are many ways in which poker is useful for the brain.

    In fact, it develops a host of skills in us. Mentioned below are the key ones:

    While playing poker players tend to be totally engrossed in the game, trying hard to think about what moves the others are planning. This enhances their concentration, attention, problem-solving skills, etc. Playing online games like poker develops reading skills among players. Poker requires us to read and understand all its concepts, instructions, and find clues. In fact, some people even read blogs and books on poker. The reading skills that are developed in a person benefits them when they read so many things, such as reading helps in the development of the brain. During the game, players come across situations where they have to think and act quickly in a certain manner. Thus, it develops problem-solving and critical thinking skills in a person, which are useful for the brain. Playing poker is a stress buster for many. So it helps in keeping the brain relaxed. Poker also enhances our ability to read situations, and opponents, as the players need to determine the odds and probabilities in any situation if it’s a flopping flush or a full house.

    (The author is CEO & Co-founder, Pocket52) Moneycontrol Contributor
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    Is poker mostly luck or skill?

    Conclusion: Is Poker Based on Luck or Skill? – The answer to whether poker is gambling or based on skill is that it’s a little of both. In order to win a hand, a player will need some element of luck, but they’ll also need to know exactly what to do with the cards and the situation in front of them.
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    What is slow roll Detroit?

    Slow Roll is a weekly bike ride dedicated to promoting cycling in the City of Detroit. Slow Roll is continually contributing to the growth of bicycle culture in the City with a goal to further bicycling not only as a health initiative, but also to help improve Detroit’s image in order to repopulate it. See all.
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    Where did the term slow your roll originated?

    Also slow rolling, slowrolling. ‘Slow-rolling’ originated in poker jargon, where it refers to ‘having the winning hand (often a massive hand) and taking a long time to show the hand when asked to declare. Considered bad etiquette.’ (Source: PokerTips.org.)
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    What is slow roll Buffalo?

    What is Slow Roll? – As one of the world’s largest free community bike rides, Slow Roll Buffalo’s mission is to provide inclusive community experiences that connect people, places, and causes by bicycle. Founded in 2014 by non-profit volunteers, Slow Roll Buffalo connects communities through guided rides for bicyclists of all ages and skill levels. What Make a donation to Slow Roll Buffalo! What Slow Roll rides every Monday, May-October! Free and inclusive for all ages and experience levels. Light your bicycle. Be prepared to ride upon arrival. RESPECT for the community and SAFETY are paramount. If we cannot be respectful and safe, we can’t Slow Roll, simple as that. What What Page load link Go to Top
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    What is a slow roll for truckers?

    What are they protesting? – The slow roll is a protest against three pieces of legislation set before Congress: The Cullum Owings Large Truck Safe Operating Speed Act, the Stop Underrides Act and a bill that would increase minimum personal liability insurance for truck drivers, Johnson said. The Cullum Owings act would limit truck drivers to a 65-mph speed limit, which Johnson said would put more people in danger by increasing interactions between trucks and other vehicles. “Truck drivers don’t want cars around them and cars don’t want to be around trucks,” Johnson said. “It would be a disaster.” The Stop Underrides Act would mandate every trailer to have an underride carriage in hopes that it would prevent side collisions. Johnson said the legislation wouldn’t help in crashes and wouldn’t reduce fatalities, saying that the underride carriages only have an impact if a truck is traveling under 35 mph. The insurance bill would raise minimum personal liability insurance for truckers from $750,000 to $4.9 million, aiming to give victims of crashes involving trucks to get better compensation. The increase would be detrimental for Johnson and other truckers, he said. “I pay $15,000 a year for my insurance. If the minimum personal liability goes up, my insurance would double or could go up to $35,000,” Johnson said. “There’s not enough of a profit margin in there for me to take that kind of hit.” The demonstration is also meant to draw attention to the federal government’s investment in autonomous trucks. President Donald Trump boasted a $4 billion investment in autonomous vehicles recently, but Johnson said it would wipe out the trucking industry’s 3.5 million truckers and would affect the 7.5 million truck stop and cafe workers across the country. Correction: An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated which day the event was being held. More: : What you need to know about Thursday’s ‘slow roll’ interstate protest
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    What does roll out mean in slang?

    Rollout means to leave or deploy, and is often used by a person calling to his buddies to leave a party or club.
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    What is a slow roll on the highway?

    Rolling Roadblock Use Guidelines Rolling Roadblock Use Guidelines A rolling road block (also known as a “Slow Roll” or a “Rolling Slowdown”) is a means of slowing and controlling traffic to clear a section of roadway and allow a work operation which requires short duration access to an entire roadway (typically a freeway or other controlled access highway). A rolling roadblock typically involves:

    • A shadow vehicle in each lane
    • A shoulder of 8 foot or greater width, possibly assisted by police
    • Slowing and pacing upstream traffic at the reduced speed to create a downstream gap in traffic of sufficient duration to accomplish the work in the roadway.

    Typically used when:

    • Cable, overhead sign structure, bridge beam, traffic counter tubes, pavement monitoring devices; etc.) is being strung/placed across the highway or to change a traffic pattern in a temporary traffic control zone.
    • A simpler variation has also been used for post-storm clean-up on elevated segments of freeways with close echelon plowing to pull built-up snow from median barriers to the right side of roadway.
    • The Regional Traffic Engineer should be contacted before selecting a rolling roadblock for traffic control in case there may be other preferable traffic management alternatives such as detours and/or other planned events which could further impact traffic operations.
    • The Regional Traffic Command Center (TMC) and the appropriate State Police troop and local police agencies must be notified at least 24 hours prior to the closure.
    • The region should also consider requiring advance deployment of Portable Variable Message Signs (PVMS) warning of the event several days prior to the event to allow motorists to plan adjustments to their route or time of travel.

    When determining where/when to start the rolling roadblock, consider the following:

    • Duration of work
    • Clearance time for last uncontrolled vehicle to pass by work area
    • Projected travel time of rolling roadblock – 15 mph= 1 mile in 4 minutes
    • Number and location of entrance ramps requiring closures
    • Start in a tangent section with adequate sight distance
    • Periods of lightest traffic to minimize impacts
    • Communication and preparation meeting

    Work duration should be kept to a minimum, no more than 15 minutes. The permittee/contractor should be required to demonstrate that they will deploy the resources necessary to complete the work within the specified time period. The selection of the speed of the roadblock should consider the work duration and the location of upstream on-ramps which need to be closed but should generally be 15 mph or greater.15-minute duration would require closure of at least 5 miles of mainline roadway at a 20-mph pace and 3.75 miles at a 15-mph pace plus buffer space, set-up and deceleration distance.

    • Any on-ramps within the required distance must be closed and traffic either detoured or adequate storage for queued traffic provided on the ramp.
    • The work requiring the rolling roadblock shall be scheduled during periods of light traffic in order to minimize impacts, typically early Saturday or Sunday mornings (between 6:00 and 8:00 AM) in daylight conditions.
    • The work shall also be scheduled to avoid inclement weather, adverse environmental or roadway conditions which could ultimately affect visibility, vehicle handling, or the time needed to accomplish the work within the highway.

    A preconstruction/preparation meeting with all parties involved is required prior implementing the rolling roadblock. All logistics including communication issues and scheduling issues shall be resolved during this meeting. Also, contingency plans for concerns which could stop the roadblock or delay the operation shall be made.

    Cell phones or walkie-talkies, if radios are not workable, shall be used to communicate during the rolling roadblock implementation. For permit work, the permittee or its contractor should provide or ensure a common communication system to all parties. On contract work, the contractor should provide a common communication system to all parties.

    The common communication system shall include, workers, clearance vehicle, all rolling roadblock drivers, traffic controllers at on-ramps and, if participating, police. Work should not begin until the Department’s representative on-site is confident that the work can be completed within the specified time and the communication system is adequate to accommodate all reasonably foreseeable scenarios.

    • A police car should never be used to close an open lane of traffic.
    • A police car may be positioned in front (downstream) of a TMA equipped shadow vehicle and/or on a closed on-ramp. Flashing lights should be placed immediately downstream of the shadow vehicles forming the rolling roadblock to discourage drivers from passing the roadblock.
    • Position the police car where it is visible to traffic through the lateral gap between the shadow vehicles to enhance the visibility of the police car. However, gaps between the shadow vehicles should not be wide enough to encourage vehicles to pass between them.
    • A police car may also be positioned, with lights flashing, on an on-ramp which will be closed to discourage ramp traffic from passing the flagger. If there are multiple on-ramps within the roadblock limits, deploying the police car at the downstream ramp may better enable it to stop a vehicle which has breached the gap between the work area and the roadblock.

    The drawings show the closure of a two-lane roadway; however, three and four lane roadways can be closed by either adding additional shadow vehicles or by closing lanes using a typical lane closure set-up, which will reduce the number of shadow vehicles needed.

    • All traffic control devices used to warn or to guide traffic shall comply with the National Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD).
    • Advance warning signs or portable VMS (SLOW TRAFFIC AHEAD/BE PREPARED TO STOP) should be on the right side of the roadway one mile upstream of initial position of roadblock vehicles. Permanent VMS controlled by the TMC can also be used, if appropriate.
    • An additional portable VMS either on a trailer hitched to a truck or mounted on the truck should be located on the right shoulder 1500 feet upstream of the initial roadblock location and should move as necessary to remain approximately 1500 feet upstream of the queue.
    • A police car (if available) on the shoulder near the upstream end of the queue can enhance queue warning.
    • Advance warning signs or VMS on both sides of the road is desirable. If there is not enough room on the shoulder, a lane closure to accommodate the VMS may be appropriate, especially for three-lane, or wider, roadways. If a VMS is used on the left side of the roadway, it should be placed ½ mile upstream of the initial roadblock position and not directly across the roadway from the first VMS. Offsetting the VMS boards from each other will avoid confusion which can result from two VMS boards directly across the roadway from each other displaying different portions of their message at any given instant.
    • All required VMS and advance warning signs shall be in place prior to implementing the rolling roadblock.
    • Advance warning signs shall be placed on affected on-ramps and the crossroad to warn approaching vehicles of stopped traffic on the ramp or of a ramp closure. The signing will depend on site specific conditions including the expected length of queued traffic and the length of the ramp. If the queued traffic on the ramp will affect traffic operations on the crossroad, signing will be needed on the crossroad. A W20-7 flagger sign and a W3-4 BE PREPARED TO STOP sign would be the minimum advance warning needed on the ramp.

    The rolling roadblock should be staged from the right shoulder if no on-ramp or rest area is available. The upstream shadow vehicle should close the shoulder (if shoulder is 8 ft. or wider) or the right lane (if the shoulder is less than eight feet wide). The second downstream shadow vehicle should then close the next lane to the left and so on.

    1. Step 1 : The rolling roadblock shall form near the designated starting point and any on-ramps shall be closed simultaneously or very shortly after, depending on how far downstream the on-ramp is (see Step 2).
    2. Step 2 : On-ramp traffic shall be stopped and held by a properly trained traffic controller (flagger).
    3. Step 3 : A clearance vehicle initially positioned immediately downstream of the rolling road block shall follow the last vehicle traveling in advance of rolling road block to ensure that there are no moving or parked cars and no open on-ramps or other access points, and to notify the work crew that road is closed and free of traffic.

    Step 4 : Work in the roadway begins. The clearance vehicle should stop and hold its position immediately upstream of the work site until the work is done to provide a visual cue to the approaching roadblock whether the work is done, and the roadway cleared.

    1. The roadblock shall proceed downstream at the pre-determined speed and be in constant communication with the work site.
    2. The speed of the roadblock can then be adjusted to accommodate the pace of the work.
    3. A truck either with a mounted VMS or towing a trailer mounted VMS positioned on the right shoulder should maintain an approximately 1500-foot following distance behind (upstream of) the end of the queue.

    As the roadblock passes an on-ramp, ramp traffic can be released when the mainline queue dissipates or moves downstream, and mainline traffic flow can safely accommodate the merge from the on-ramp. The procedure and timing of the release of vehicles held on the ramps should be determined at the preconstruction/preparation meeting.

    • Step 5 : Once the need for closure has ended, the work crew shall notify the rolling roadblock and the clearance vehicle should pass the site.
    • The blocking vehicles should gain speed and pull over to right side of roadway starting from the left lane.
    • Police, if used, should continue with flow of traffic to ensure controlled acceleration of released vehicles.

    Inactivate or modify PVMS as appropriate. : Rolling Roadblock Use Guidelines
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    What is a slow roll in aviation?

    Introduction – A slow roll is an in which an airplane makes a controlled roll by rotating about its longitudinal axis. It is performed by rolling the aircraft at a constant rate, while manipulating the control surfaces to maintain level flight. The maneuver consists of quickly moving the aileron input to a desired position (usually less than full) and holding it steady while constantly varying the elevator and rudder inputs, counteracting the force of gravity.

    Due to the difficulty of maintaining level flight while slowly rolling, the slow roll is often used as an aerobatic training-maneuver, teaching the pilot to coordinate the movements of all three surfaces (elevators, ailerons, and rudder) simultaneously. Slow rolls being performed by the while in formation.

    The slow roll appears similar to the, except the roll rate is typically slower, and both the and are held consistent throughout the maneuver. The slow roll produces a constantly shifting load of one on both the pilot and the aircraft, from one g positive in the upright position to one g negative in the inverted, caused by gravity.

    1. At the midpoint of the roll, the pilot will be hanging upside-down by the seatbelt, and any loose debris in the cockpit will fall to the canopy or out of the plane.
    2. The rate at which a slow roll can be performed is often determined by skill of the pilot.
    3. The better the pilot; the faster the roll can be performed.

    The slow roll is often used in competitions and shows, displaying the pilot’s ability to control the plane. Most rolls performed by fighter aircraft are slow rolls or partial slow-rolls, as opposed to an uncontrolled aileron roll, and this is especially true when flying in formation.

    A variation of the slow roll is the “hesitation roll,” in which the pilot stops the roll at various “points” during the maneuver, maintaining a level flightpath at whatever for a short time, such as 90 degrees (wings-vertical), 135 degrees (partly inverted) or 180 degrees (fully inverted). The pilot will then continue the roll to the next point, hesitating again.

    Such a roll may consist of any number of points, which are usually evenly spaced, with the most common being the two-point, three-point, and four-point rolls. However, the difficulty in maintaining level flight at the various angles requires the pilot to fully master the slow roll before attempting a hesitation roll.
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