Poker Starting Hand Range Chart?

Poker Starting Hand Range Chart

What is a good starting hand in poker?

A pair of aces, also known as ‘pocket rockets’ (and sometimes ‘American Airlines’) is the best starting hand for Texas Hold ’em. Be wary of how many other players enter the pot, as more players increase the likelihood of someone beating your aces.
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What is the 7 2 rule in poker?

The 7-2 Game A few nights ago I had the chance to play at friend’s home game where we implemented the 7-2 game. For those of your not familiar, this is where anytime a player wins with 7-2, every other player at the table has to give them some amount of money.

  • In our case, we were playing a deep-stacked 1/2 game with six players and when someone won with 7-2, they would get $10 (5 BB) from every other player.25 BB total is not a bad score, especially when you’re able to take it down preflop.
  • Some people hate the game, others love it, and I certainly fall into the later category.

Anything to drum up action and encourage bluffing is a win in my book. At first, it no one was getting dealt 7-2. After at least four orbits the hand was not shown down and everyone said they hadn’t seen the had once. This makes sense though- of the 1326 possible starting hand combos in NLHE, 7-2 comprises only 16 of them, for a little over 1% of total possible hands.

  • After about an hour though of no one getting the hand, seemingly all at once, a very high proportion were getting dealt, and this continued for the rest of the night.
  • There were at least 4x as many 7-2 combos dealt as what one would expect based on the odds (I certainly wasn’t complaining about that!).

While the game is normally fun, somewhat loose, with a good amount of aggression, the 7-2 game transformed the table to have a preflop aggression frequency higher than the toughest online 6max games. It seemed like there was a 3bet every few hands with no one ever really choosing to back down with 7-2.

On top of the standard 3 and 4bet bluffs with 7-2, there were also a few notable pots where 7-2 triple barreled on a scary board and got called down on all three streets and where a player opted to flat with 7-2 preflop and make a series of bluffs postflop to take it down. For the home game that this was played in, I think the 7-2 game makes a lot of sense.

Everyone could afford to play these stakes so although the hyped up aggression left some people frustrated by the end of the night, it wasn’t going to make anyone not come back. The only scenario in which I could see the 7-2 game not making sense for one’s home game is if the stakes being played are meaningful to some, and the thought of losing 3 buyins or more in a friendly game is something that would discourage players from coming back (although in this type of case, my recommendation would be to lower the stakes, up the stack depth, and bring on the preflop aggression!).

  1. What I’m excited to further explore is not the merits of whether or not to play the 7-2 game sometimes – unless you hate action and people bluffing more, it’s worth at least trying for an hour or two.
  2. I want to look at how this game effects decisions so if you find yourself in a game where people are playing the 7-2 game, you know how to adjust.

I think it’s fairly obvious for those that have played the 7-2 game, most people over-adjust and bluff too much when holding 7-2. I’m going to look at how the reward of winning a hand wth 7-2 impacts one’s EV and your frequencies. For the sake of simplicity, let’s work with the assumption that the reward for winning with 7-2 is 30 BB – 5 BB at a 7 handed home game.

  • Let’s say you normally open 3 BB to win 1.5 BB.
  • Now with the 7-2 game in play the reward is 31.5 BB.
  • So it’s clear even in early position 7-2 is a slam-dunk open.
  • Now what about a 3bet? Let’s say you standardly 3bet to 10 BB over a 3 BB open.
  • So now instead of risking 10 BB to win 4.5 BB, you’re risking 10 to win 34.5 BB.

At first glance it might seem like we should be 3betting 100% of the time with 7-2. I think in most games this is probably correct, but if you’re in a really loose game where people rarely fold to 3bets, or up against a particularly sticky player, it might be best to just fold against those type of players.

  • Because once called preflop, 7-2 has such poor equity against a calling range so without much fold equity postflop, best to just fold pre.
  • Note in these games I would have a tiny or non-existent 3bet bluffing range without the 7-2 game.
  • Most players will have a frequency that they fold to 3bets, even in a loose, aggressive, and deep stacked game, so most of the time you should replace some of your 3bet bluffs with 7-2.

The key when adjusting for this game is not completely throw off your relative frequencies – if you normally 3bet in late position with 9s+ AQ+ for value and A2s-A5s as a bluff, don’t just add 7-2 to your 3betting range unless these players won’t adjust to the 7-2 game – almost no one doesn’t adjust when playing the 7-2 game, if anything, most players in my experience over-adjust and always “put you on 7-2”.

  1. So against most players you should also add at least the proportionate amount of value combos to keep your ratio of value hands to bluffs the same, if not more value hands due to overadjustment.
  2. Now on to 4bet bluffing.
  3. If a standard 4bet to a 10 BB 3bet is 35 BB, you’re normally risking 35 BB to win 11.5 BB, and with the 7-2 game to win 41.5 BB.

As you can see, after more preflop betting occurs, you’re starting to risk more to win relatively less. The same logic for when to 3bet bluff with 7-2 applies to 4betting, although because of the price we’re laying ourselves, we need to be a little more conservative than with 3betting.

Against a relatively balanced player, we should be 4bet bluffing all combos of 7-2. But against someone who only 3bets very good hands or is looking to gamble with a merged value range, best to fold all combos of 7-2 preflop. I imagine there aren’t many opponents where it is correct to do anything but fold all combos or 4bet all combos.

It would take a particular opponent who is somewhat balanced in their 3betting range but a little too loose to warrant a mixed strategy with 7-2. Postflop Barreling frequencies with 7-2 postflop are largely dependent on the size of the pot after the preflop betting.

In a similar fashion to preflop, it’s likely correct to cbet 100% in a single-raised pot heads up- if our cbet sizing is on average 1/2 pot, then one is risking 3.25 BB to win 37.5 BB. With multiple players in the pot, it still is likely correct to cbet 100% with 7-2 because of the price. Even if the 3.25 BB cbet only gets through 15% of the time in a 4way pot, it’s still a really profitable cbet because you’re risking 3.25 BB to win 43.5 BB (only needs to work about 7.5% of the time to break even).

If you’re at a table where it’s so loose that cbets don’t go through on the flop when playing the 7-2 game because everyone puts you on it, don’t ever bluff postflop with 7-2 and please let me know if you ever need another player for the game. In a 3bet pot, the same logic largely applies.

  1. In a heads up pot when cbetting the flop you’re risking 10 BB to win 51.5 BB, so you only need the bet to work 18% of the time as opposed to the normal 33% without the 7-2 bonus.
  2. Note how much more of an attractive proposition cbetting is in a single-raised versus heads up pot: cbets only need to work 8.5% of the time versus 18% of the time.

And for 4bet pots this then changes to 26.5% which while is better than the 33% that it would need to work without the 7-2 game, won’t change your range as significantly. In a 4bet pot you should probably give up with some combos of 7-2 and replace your worst normal bluffing candidates with 7-2.

  1. Don’t be the guy that makes the hero triple barrel – on each street the extra 30 BB becomes much less of a factor.
  2. If it’s a 3bet pot heads up pot with 200 BB stacks to start the hand, and you get to the river with 100 BB in the pot and 150 BB behind.
  3. You decide to overbet the river and risk 150 BB to win 100 + 30 BB because goddamnit if you’ll lose with 7-2.

Normally you would need this bluff to work 60%. But with the extra 30 BB, this bet still needs to work 53.5% of the time, not that significant of a difference. If you decide it makes sense to have an overbetting range on a particular river card, it will likely make sense to include at least a combo or two of 7-2, just not all 12 combos.

  • Equity when called + fold equity – bet when called and miss + bounty equity = 0
  • Equity is when called = x
  • % Opponent folds = y
  • 7-2 Bounty = z
  • So let’s say I bet 50 into 100 on a flop in a heads up pot.
  • So the base equation before knowing our exact hands, equities, and bounty is the following knowing the size of the bet:
  • x(1-y)*200 + y*100 – 50*(1-x)(1-y) + z = 0
  • The flop is Kc6h9c.
  • Which is a better c-bet bluffing candidate, 72o or J10c?

Let’s approximate that 7-2 has about 5% equity against a continuing range and J10c has 35% equity. Your opponent will fold 33%, 8% more than optimal. In the home game I played, the 7-2 bounty was 50.7-2,05(1-.33)*200 +,33*100 – 50*(1-.05)(1-.33) + 50 = 57.875 J10c,35(1-.33)*200 +,33*100 – 50*(1-.35)(1-.33) + 0 = 58.125

  1. So in this case, we’d expect to profit about $7 (answer of equation – the bet) with our best bluffing candidate as well as 72o betting half pot in a medium sized pot for the stake, without much theoretical difference between the two hands.
  2. Now let’s look at what happens if this flop was bet called and a blank turn comes out.
  3. Kc6h9c4s
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Which is a better bluffing candidate now for betting 140 into 200? Let’s adjust the base equation for this bet and pot size, how often your opponent folds (33%, a few % less than optimally against this bet size), and updated equities – 0% for 7-2 and 18% for J10c.

x(1-y)*480 + y*200 – 140*(1-x)(1-y) + z = 0 7-2 0(1-.33)*480 +,33*200 – 140*(1-0)(1-.33) + 50 = 117 J10c,18(1-.33)*480 +,33*200 – 140*(1-.18)(1-.33) + 0 = 201.796 As you can see, as the pot gets bigger, 7-2 becomes significantly worse (EV of -$23 in this example) to bluff compared to good draws (one would expect to profit $61 semibluffing J10c here).

Now a note on river play – if you do get to the river with 7-2, then it becomes your best bluff because none of your bluffs have equity but you get the extra bounty with 7-2. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you should always bluff with all combos of 7-2 you get to the river with, but you should defintely bluff all 7-2 combos before adding other bluffs.

  1. Conclusion The big takeaway is to still be quite aggressive with 7-2 – the extra 30 BB in most circumstances makes it an excellent bluffing candidate.
  2. This becomes less and less true on later streets, and in bloated pots.
  3. Just remember to not get too crazy and have it make your ratio of value bets to bluffs go out of whack – with the addition of 7-2 to a bluffing range, remember to value bet extra thinly.

: The 7-2 Game
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What is an opening range poker?

A range is a combination of hands a player might have at a given time. – Thinking about what players have in the form of a range is valuable because it allows you to think about all of the possibilities of a hand. We use poker hand grids to visualize ranges. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart We use this grid as a graphical representation of a range. We select the hands we want to include so it is a seamless process to know what a player can have. Let’s say for instance; we are interested in looking at a range of queens, kings, aces, and all ace-king hands. It is written as follows: QQ+, AKs, AKo. It is visually represented as: Poker Starting Hand Range Chart A range starts preflop, where someone is dealt one of the seventy-eight different offsuit hands, one of the seventy-eight different suited hands, or one of the thirteen pairs. ( Note: Get free poker range charts that show you what hands to play before the flop here,) Once a player decides to put money into the pot they’ve revealed some amount of information about their range. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart Which visually is: Poker Starting Hand Range Chart And is written as We may however disagree with the hands that Equilab chooses and think that a player values hands differently. In which case we can make the range to fit the way we actually think someone is playing: A range is also very powerful postflop when trying to determine the value of your hand vs an opponent’s range. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart Here we can see that he is betting any hand that is a pair of tens, or better than a pair of tens, two straight draws, and many hands with two overcards. Overcards are popular and likely cbets because even if you had top pair, a very strong hand in NLH, the player with overcards has a possibility to make the best hand.

In this situation we can see that any would favor the UTG players range as he would have just made a very strong hand or at the very least still has two overs and now has a straight draw, whereas any card is favorable for our range as he has almost never improved and we have some of the time. Using ranges to think about poker hands and situations is the professional approach to NLH.

Moving away from trying to put your opponent on a singular hand and recognizing that there are several possible holdings helps you understand your opponents play and what the best decision is for your hand and range. (Note: You can learn more about proper postflop play with the Postflop Engine ! This mini postflop training course was developed by top pros Doug Polk and Ryan Fee, and is now on sale for just $19!) Poker Starting Hand Range Chart
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How do you calculate poker ranges?

How To Calculate Ranges – The range you assign is a bi-product of who your opponent is, what action they are taking, where they are making that action, and how they might craft that specific range. The best way to calculate ranges is to determine how many hands they are likely playing in a given situation. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart On the other hand, a LAG that open-raises on the button, is typically going to raise with many hands and that higher frequency equals a higher %-form. So while a tight player won’t open-raise Q♠T♦ from UTG, a LAG will gladly open-raise that hand on the button. For building ranges, I created a simple system with the acronym DEAF:

  • D : Define the action your opponent is making
  • E : Estimate their frequency
  • A : Axe out any hands that wouldn’t be included
  • F : Factors that would influence their range

You first define their action since players use different hands when being passive vs. aggressive (we’ll discuss this later in the forking section). Estimate their frequency and how often they would take this action and what the subsequently looks like as a visual range.

  • Then axe out any hands that would get played differently.
  • And finally, consider if there are any factors at play that would change their range (such as having fish behind them preflop or not closing action postflop).
  • If you aren’t sure where to begin in your next poker study session, start by listing out your open-raising range from each position preflop.

Then jot down the %-form, range strand, and number of combos for each of them. Spend 15 minutes and jot down the preflop ranges you open-raise, call opens, and 3bet with by position This isn’t to say that every opponent will use the same ranges you do – but you can now say “I raise this range here, and players who are like me are likely close to this range. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart
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How often should you fold in poker?

How Often Should I Fold? – In essence, folding is for quitters. And most tight TAG players quit too often, especially near the turn & river. Most fishy players quit too rarely, and they bring WAY too much junk to showdown. Your goal is to be in the middle. Poker Starting Hand Range Chart First, how often is too often? Of course, there is a large difference between folding 80% of the time, 50% of the time, and 25% of the time. In general, if you allow somebody to generate outright profit from you (meaning you fold more often than the BE of their bet size), you are folding too much.

Especially since some of your folding range would actually either be ahead or have a chunk of equity, I’d say if you are routinely folding more than a third of the time you are doing so too often. If you’ve read Ed Miller’s Poker’s 1% he actually outlines only folding an average of 30% of the time in many situations.

So if you are consistently folding more than half the time (and many tighter players do), you are leaving money on the table. One of the 2 poker rules you need to live by is that if you call on one street, you should usually continue on the next street,

If we take ‘usually’ to mean ‘about 70% of the time’, that inherently means we should be folding around 30% of the time when facing bets. These numbers are ballpark numbers averaged over ALL possible flops and/or runouts – so keep in mind that really bad cards/actions may increase your folding frequency and really great cards/actions may increase your continuance frequency.

But are most players really doing that? Let’s look at another example, this time from a hand posted on the Red Chip Poker Forums. In this situation, hero has TT and faces a cbet and barrel on a Jack-high board: Pocket Tens here is right on the cusp between folding and continuing given the number of combos that hero would gladly continue with from their range (including top pair, pair+draws, flush draws, etc.).
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Is poker a 100% skill?

There are many people out there who scoff at the thought of playing poker, deriding it as a simple game of luck, just like all other casino games, such as roulette and slots. To put it bluntly, however, these people are entirely wrong and don’t understand the finer points of the game – the finer points that allow a player with skill the chance to gain a huge upper hand over their opponents.

  • Poker is a game that combines elements of both skill and chance.
  • While the outcome of each hand is determined by the cards that are dealt, players can use their knowledge, experience, and strategies to increase their chances of winning.
  • This means that poker is not purely a game of chance like some other forms of gambling, such as slot machines or roulette.

However, it is also important to note that the element of chance is still a significant factor in poker. Players can have the best hand and the best strategy, but they can still lose if they are dealt poor cards or if their opponents make unexpected moves.

As a result, some people consider poker to be more of a game of chance than a game of skill. Overall, the question of whether poker is a game of skill or a game of chance is a complex one, and it depends on how you define these terms. Some people believe that poker is primarily a game of skill, while others believe that it is more of a game of chance.

Ultimately, the answer may depend on individual perspectives and experiences. There are also others, most often poker evangelists with an unwillingness to admit the truth, who state that poker is a game based entirely on skill. The thing is, they’re also wrong, as the game is actually a mixture of skill and luck – an intoxicating fusion of a player’s ability to make the most of their cards, with fortune’s fickle mind helping and hindering players in equal measure.
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What is the 2/4 rule in poker?

The 4-2 Rule as mentioned previously – The 4-2 Rule is a way to turn the number of drawing outs you have into your odds of hitting them. It’s times 4 on the flop to hit on the turn or river, and times 2 on the turn to hit your draw on the river. Example: a flopped flush draw is 9 outs.
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What does donkey in poker mean?

A derogatory term used to refer to a weak, unskilled player.
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Can you do a2345 in poker?

For instance, in poker, ace2345 or poker, a2345 is generally considered the lowest possible straight otherwise known as a wheel in poker.
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How do you determine an opening range?

Opening Range Breakouts – What is ORB trading strategy? Poker Starting Hand Range Chart Opening range breakout trading is an interesting concept that we are going to discuss it in our blog in detail. Several traders have asked us how to take advantage of opening range breakout strategy and if it is a good option. So, we decided it requires a separate discussion.

  1. In this article, we will touch the points which will help traders build a better understanding of ORB trading techniques.
  2. As the name suggests, opening rage prefers to a time frame right after the market opens.
  3. While trading, traders need to choose a timeframe that better suit their trader profile, and opening timeframe is a popular one.

Opening time frame refers to the first 15-30 minutes right after the market opens for trading.

What Is Opening Price And Why It Is Important? To understand the opening range breakout strategy, we must clear our understanding of the opening price of the day.

Often the opening sets the mood for trading for the day – uptrend or downtrend. But it has other statistical inferences as well. Analysts often observed repetitive behaviour around the open. Adam Grimes worked on this theory, where he studied over 46,000 data from different stocks, futures, and currencies, and he plotted the open as a percentage of the daily range.

  • The famous graph developed by Grimes showed that often the open is near the high or low of the day.
  • The pattern became more apparent when he studied with selective data.
  • It is the tendency of the open to cluster near high or low of the day.
  • His studies have established it beyond doubts that opening is the most important price of the day.

The opening breakout happens when stock price beats the opening range. Key Understanding

The beginning hour of the trading day is the most active and dynamic period. The opening hours sets the sentiment of the market You can make the most money during the opening hour, but it is also volatile Without a trading strategy, you run the risk of losing money Opening chart breakout is a critical chart pattern that studies the important reversal and continuation patterns The chart captures move or reversal during the first hour

The Opening Range Breakout Trading Strategy Explained Due to high significance and non-random price movement, the open gives plenty of insights to build a successful, It is often associated with high volume and volatility with multiple trading opportunities.

Traders use the opening range to set entry and predict the price action of the day. The theory gained steam during the 1990s when traders started to use the trading signals from the first hour or the opening range to set their strategy. Later though, with the availability of advanced software and data, traders also used 15-minutes and 30-minutes timeframes, but the name stuck on.

How To Measure The Range Since the strategy revolves around the opening range, let’s get a better understanding of what opening range is. The opening range refers to the price action during the first hour of trading. A simple way to measure the range is by taking the high or low of the previous days and studying it against the high or low of the trading day.

  1. The difference between the two candles forms the opening range size.
  2. Why determining the opening range is so important? It’s so because the opening price range determines the future price action.
  3. When the price crosses the range, it is likely to continue in that direction.
  4. Then use the breakout as the entry point.

How To Trade In Opening Range Breakout In simple words, the opening range means taking a position when price breaks above or below the previous day’s high or low. The following factors constitute critical parts of the ORB trading strategy. Time Frame Selection We have already discussed that opening range breakout is essentially a time frame trading strategy.

  • Every trader has a different preference regarding time frame selection, which is alright.
  • However, the most popular time frames are 15 minutes and 30 minutes frames because these are most effective.
  • But some traders also prefer to stick to 10 minutes or 5 minutes charts, and that’s completely fine because the underlying principle of the ORB strategy remains unchanged irrespective of time frame.

Stock Volume Comes Into Play How would you decide if a stock is a good selection for trading? Follow the volume. Usually, stocks move in the direction of the broad market. But some stocks with a catalyst will breakout to create a range of their own. These stocks trade in high volume, which further attracts more traders to it.

  1. Intraday traders always look for stocks that indicate expanding volume.
  2. On a volume chart, expanding volume is characterised by wide-range candles.
  3. You can identify these stocks by keeping a watch on stocks that record a high-volume during pre-market hours.
  4. Then look at the cause behind the high demand.

If you can’t identify a concrete reason that could sway the market sentiment, stay away from those stocks. Developing Directional Bias Don’t we always hear trade in the direction of the market? It holds good for ORB strategy as well. Trading in bullish stocks, with a catalyst, is a simpler way to shift the odds further in your direction.

You need to tap on stocks that are making maximum movement. Comparing that with the chart, you could then decide if the stock is worth trading. An easy way to identify market direction is to establish the relative strength line trend, which you can calculate by dividing the stock price by the price of the broader market index.

Identifying Strong Breakouts The key factor to successfully trade with ORB trading strategy is to identify strong breakouts that will result in a successful trade. Novice traders may struggle to identify an entry point during opening range breakout strategy, but it’s not difficult to point.

  1. You need to confirm the breakout is strong and for that look out for narrow range breakout – a cluster of candles.
  2. The narrow range represents volatility contraction, and open range indicates volatility expansion.
  3. Together, the two describe profitable trading trends.
  4. Two popular narrow range patterns that traders prefer are NR4 and NR7 pattern.

So, when the two emerge in the trading chart, followed by an open range breakout, the chances of profitability from the trade rises. Commonly, strong breakout arises in the VWAP region. If the trade is appearing outside in the VWAP region, it is better to avoid as there is a high chance that a whipsaw will occur.

Thirdly, look for high volume nodes. We have already discussed that volume is a critical indicator of an opening range breakout. In more than 50 percent cases price reconsolidation happens around the high-volume node. So, if a breakout is occurring above the high-volume node, then it is a potentially fair trade.

Executing Trade Using Opening Range Planning entry and stop loss in opening range breakout is reasonably simple. Here is how you can do it. Depending on your selected time frame, you have to wait for the opening range to form and then take position after the breakout happens above or below the candle.

When the market starts to move in the direction, you enter the market. However, before taking a position, confirm that the trend sustains and there is no reversal which will result in whipsaw. This is where a stop loss comes into play. Placing a sensible stop loss will ensure that you will not lose much money when a whipsaw happens.

However, selecting the stop loss level will depend on your risk appetite. The Bottom Line The opening hours in the market is the most crucial. It often gives unambiguous indications towards the day’s trading pattern. Intraday traders look for such signals to plan their trading strategy.
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What percentage of hands should I fold preflop?

When to Fold Before the Flop – In Texas Hold’em, the best poker players fold 75 percent or more of all starting hands before the betting even begins. A fundamentally sound preflop strategy sets you up for success in all subsequent betting rounds. Even the loosest preflop players (if they’re winning players) fold before the flop around 70 percent of the time.

  • To figure out when to fold before the flop, you need to establish a set of hand ranges that you’re willing to play from each position at the poker table.
  • Hand range charts (like the Upswing Poker free preflop charts ) represent the best way to establish a solid preflop strategy.
  • Preflop hand range charts dictate what hands to open raise with from each position, as well as which hands to call or raise with against a player who has bet before you get to act.

A good starting hand chart will have you doing a lot of folding preflop. A good preflop strategy involves playing tighter in early position, then adding more starting hands to your range in the later positions. Premium hands, like pocket aces, kings, queens, and ace-king, can be open raised from any position.
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How do you remember the opening range?

The shape of a range – Poker Starting Hand Range Chart ICM weights a range towards high card blocker hands It’s much easier to think of types of hands in a range rather than each individual hand. So think in terms like Ax (for all the Ace hands), Broadway (for the JT-KQ type hands), pairs and suited connectors.

After this, just try and remember the bottom hand in each type of hand, so if A9o and A3s are the lowest Ax hands, just memorise A9o and A3s, not every single combination. You will know automatically that AJo and A8s will be in the range. There are some spots where, for example, A6o might not be in the range but A5o would (for blocker or straight purposes), but for the most part this method works.

Another different way to think of the range instead of just logging each hand in it is by memorising the shape of the range, Most ranges are linear, meaning they start at AA then just get weaker, but some ranges are capped (meaning the top hands are missing because they would have been played more aggressively) and sometimes they are polar (meaning it is mostly big hands or weak hands but no middle hands).
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How do you calculate standard range?

Text begins To calculate the range, you need to find the largest observed value of a variable (the maximum) and subtract the smallest observed value (the minimum). The range only takes into account these two values and ignore the data points between the two extremities of the distribution.

  • It’s used as a supplement to other measures, but it is rarely used as the sole measure of dispersion because it’s sensitive to extreme values.
  • The interquartile range and semi-interquartile range give a better idea of the dispersion of data.
  • To calculate these two measures, you need to know the values of the lower and upper quartiles.
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The lower quartile, or first quartile (Q1), is the value under which 25% of data points are found when they are arranged in increasing order. The upper quartile, or third quartile (Q3), is the value under which 75% of data points are found when arranged in increasing order.
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What is a pre flop chart?

These charts are designed to be used when deciding whether or not to play your first two cards. They are based on game theory and essentially help you play perfect poker.
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When should you not fold in poker?

The Right Way to Fold – Knowing the right time and the right way to fold are essential when learning how to play Texas Hold ’em, It is best to wait until your turn arrives before folding at a poker table. Even if you’ve been dealt bad cards and you’d like to throw them in right away, you need to be patient and wait for the players ahead of you to fold, call, or raise before you can do so yourself.

  • It’s poor poker etiquette to fold out of turn.
  • You will earn the ire of your opponents, as your actions could reveal to those still playing what the odds of winning may be.
  • Folding early also means those still playing will have one less person to call and potentially raise the pot.
  • Your actions can impact their decision to call, raise the stakes, or fold.

If you’re playing online poker, you can program your retirement as soon as you see your cards, but at a live table, you have to wait until it’s your turn. Be courteous to the dealer by placing your cards face down and sliding them forward enough to allow him to pick them up with ease.

Before you discard your cards face down, you should say “fold” or “I fold” to indicate your intentions. There is no way to change your mind and re-enter the hand once you have said you will fold. The other players should not see your cards when you fold. Be careful when tossing, and don’t expose yourself by getting too fancy with your toss – you are likely to receive a second warning from the dealer if you aren’t careful.

If you have the option to check, such as after the flop, turn, or river, it is also uncommon to fold rather than check. On most occasions, if there is a raise, you would check, then fold.
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Is poker good for your brain?

Medical benefits of playing Poker – Reduces risk of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s is known to be a neurodegenerative disorder that has a genetic predisposition and no certain cure has been recognized as of now. However, it can be prevented with certain cognitive sports and poker is one of them.

  1. Studies have shown that playing poker can actually reduce your chances of developing brain-related diseases like Alzheimer’s by over 50 percent.
  2. Leads to rewiring the brain Poker acts like Pushups for our brain.
  3. It strengthens your brain and shields your nerve cells.
  4. Playing poker can help to rewire your brain and help to create myelin for a longer run.

When we perform any activity consistently, it leads to the creation of new neural pathways. The nerve fibers are surrounded by a myelin sheath. This protects and nourishes the nerve cell. The more often impulses are transmitted through this network, the thicker the myelin sheath becomes.

This is called myelination. Hence, the more poker we play the more myelin our brains create. Poker also helps in controlling emotions and making quick decisions that increase cognitive capacity, hence improving your chances of keeping a healthy brain. There are many ways in which poker is useful for the brain.

In fact, it develops a host of skills in us. Mentioned below are the key ones:

While playing poker players tend to be totally engrossed in the game, trying hard to think about what moves the others are planning. This enhances their concentration, attention, problem-solving skills, etc. Playing online games like poker develops reading skills among players. Poker requires us to read and understand all its concepts, instructions, and find clues. In fact, some people even read blogs and books on poker. The reading skills that are developed in a person benefits them when they read so many things, such as reading helps in the development of the brain. During the game, players come across situations where they have to think and act quickly in a certain manner. Thus, it develops problem-solving and critical thinking skills in a person, which are useful for the brain. Playing poker is a stress buster for many. So it helps in keeping the brain relaxed. Poker also enhances our ability to read situations, and opponents, as the players need to determine the odds and probabilities in any situation if it’s a flopping flush or a full house.

(The author is CEO & Co-founder, Pocket52) Moneycontrol Contributor
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Do pro poker players use math?

Game Theory Optimal Play: The Sales Promise Of The Century – Most players have gotten very good using a simple mix of mathematical concepts and an understanding of how the game is played. In no limit hold ’em, all you need is basic probability and gambling math, such as pot odds, implied odds, expected value, and combinatorics.

  • Anything beyond that is mostly for poker researchers who develop tools that players use to improve.
  • Here’s the thing though.
  • If you’re developing software for poker, you’re not a poker player.
  • You’re a poker entrepreneur.
  • Nothing wrong with that.
  • Just don’t confuse the two.
  • The holy grail of poker is game theory optimal play.

The promise of game theory optimal poker is one of the greatest sales pitches ever to have been written. There is a notorious company that sells poker training software that’s trying to take advantage of this lurid idea right now. Game theory optimal strategy makes sure you never lose, and any adjustment that your opponent makes (that is not game theory optimal play) makes sure that he loses.

  • You’re not always making the most you could ever make, but you’re never losing.
  • And people hate losing.
  • Unfortunately, the game is too complex for us to memorize the exact strategy for all of it.
  • There are 1,326 combinations of starting hands.
  • There are 117,600 possible flops.5,527,000 possible boards come the turn.

When you’re on the river, you’re looking at 254,251,200 possible combinations of boards. Good luck remembering even one percent of what to do on those boards with one of your 1,326 combinations.
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What is the most important skill in poker?

1. Handling Your Finances (Bankroll Management) – Poker Starting Hand Range Chart There are very few skills in poker as vital as the ability to manage your money. “Your bankroll is your single most important asset, so you need to learn how to handle it properly to succeed in the long run.” Poor bankroll management, playing higher than you can afford, or taking too many shots, are the fastest ways to lose all your money.

This is a lesson many poker players have to learn on their own before realizing there’s simply no way around it. On the bright side, learning to handle your bankroll in poker will help you prepare for other life situations. You will learn key aspects of planning and distributing the funds in the most efficient way, and even taking necessary risks.

Whether in business or on a personal level, this is a very good skill to have.
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Is a 2 A good hand in poker?

Understanding the poker hand rankings is one of the most important steps in learning the game of poker. The rank of each card used when forming a five-card high poker hand. Poker Hand Rankings in order of highest to lowest rank, are: Ace, King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2.

  1. As you can see, the Ace is the highest card and the 2 card (Deuce) is the lowest.
  2. However, the Ace can also be used as a low card, with the value of 1.
  3. The Ace is considered low any time the Ace begins a straight or a straight flush.
  4. Other things worth mentioning are that all suits are of equal value (rank).

If two or more hands are tied in a category, the tie is broken by the rank of the unmatched cards in the five-card hand.
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What’s the luckiest hand in poker?

Dead man’s hand – Wikipedia Poker hand purportedly held by Wild Bill Hickok when he was killed For other uses, see, “Aces and eights” redirects here. For other uses, see, Not to be confused with or, The card hand purportedly held by at the time of his death: black aces and eights The makeup of ‘s dead man’s hand has varied through the years.
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Is a 2 and 7 good in poker?

2-7 (offsuit) A 2-7 offsuit hand is the worst hand to start with in Texas Hold ‘Em poker because there are so few good options available to you: you have no straight draw, no flush draw, and even if you wind up with a pair of 7s or a pair of 2s, you’re unlikely to have the best hand.
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What is statistically the best hand in poker?

Poker-hand rankings: from strongest to weakest – 1. Royal flush The royal flush sits atop the poker-hand rankings as the best hand possible. It features five consecutive cards of the same suit in order of value from 10 through to ace.2. Straight flush Any five cards of sequential values in the same suit that’s not a royal flush is a straight flush.

It can only be beaten by a royal flush or another straight flush including higher-ranking cards.3. Four of a kind The same card in all four suits. The five-card hand is completed by the highest card among the others on the table or in your hand.4. Full house A hand comprising the same value card in three different suits (three of a kind) and a separate pair of the same rank card in two different suits.

When more than one player has a full house the winning hand is the one with the higher or highest value three of a kind.5. Flush Five cards of the same suit in any order whatsoever. When two players have flushes the flush featuring the highest valued card is the winning poker hand.6.

Straight Five cards of sequential numerical value composed of more than one suit. An ace can usually rank as either high (above a king), or low (below a 2), but not both in the same hand.7. Three of a kind A poker hand containing three cards of the same rank in three different suits. The two highest available cards besides the three of a kind complete the hand.8.

Two pairs Two different sets of two cards of matching rank. The highest-ranked remaining card completes the hand.9. Pair A pair of cards of the same rank in different suits. The remainder of the hand is formed from the three highest ranked cards available.10.
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