Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge?

How much is the Dogs Playing Poker painting worth?

Dogs in Art Past Auction Tue, Feb 15, 2005 at 1pm EST | Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Cassius Marcellus Coolidge American, 1844-1934 A BOLD BLUFF and WATERLOO: TWO Sold for $590,400 (includes buyer’s premium) Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Percival Leonard Rosseau Sold for $120,000 (includes buyer’s premium)

‘Dogs Playing Poker’ Sells for a Record $590,400 at Doyle on February 15, 2005 Annual Dogs in Art Auction Sets World Auction Record for Dogs Playing Poker Artist Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Intense Competition for Pair of Paintings from Coolidge’s Original 1903 Series

Paddles were wagging at Doyle New York’s annual Dogs in Art auction on February 15, 2005 as competitive bidding resulted in new world auction records for three artists. Coinciding each year with the Westminster Kennel Club dog show, this popular auction offers two centuries of canine paintings, paintings, prints, bronzes and other objects by a variety of prominent artists.

Highlighting this year’s sale were two rare paintings from Cassius Marcellus Coolidge’s 1903 series of dogs playing poker. The pair were estimated to fetch $30,000-50,000 at the auction. After intense bidding from several determined bidders on the telephones and in the salesroom, the pair sold to a private collector from New York City for a staggering $590,400, setting a new world auction record for the artist.

Cassius Marcellus Coolidge was born in upstate New York in 1844 to abolitionist Quaker farmers who named him after statesman Henry Clay’s brother, Cassius Marcellus Clay. Known to friends and family as “Cash”, Coolidge appears to have had little formal art education, yet he was already sketching cartoons for his local newspaper by the time he was twenty.

An accomplished cartoonist, he is credited with creating the familiar life-size Boardwalk cutouts, which he called Comic Foregrounds, into which one’s head was placed so as to be photographed as an amusing character. In 1903, Coolidge contracted with the advertising firm of Brown & Bigelow of St. Paul, Minnesota to create sixteen paintings of dogs in various human-like situations.

Nine of these paintings depicted dogs around a card table, two of which were offered at the auction. In A Bold Bluff, a poker-faced St. Bernard with a weak hand bluffs as the dogs lay their bets, and in Waterloo, the St. Bernard rakes in the pot much to the consternation of his fellow pooches.

  • In addition to the two works by Cassius Coolidge, new world auction records were set for works by Percival Leonard Rosseau and Thomas Earl.
  • Percival Leonard Rosseau was often invited by his patrons to hunt and paint on their estates.
  • Most prominent among these was Percy Rockefeller, who made Rosseau a member of his hunting club at Overhills, on his estate in Fayetteville, North Carolina.

Rockefeller erected a studio for Rosseau on his estate and often lent his bird dogs to Rosseau as models. Painted in 1919, On Grassy Hill, depicts two setters, Transue Bill and Glensale Harry, belonging to the Rockefeller family. As one points, the other is gracefully ‘backstanding.’ The entire work is handled with Rosseau’s typically vibrant yet elegant brushwork.

Estimated to bring $50,000-70,000, the paintings sold for $120,000, a record price for the artist. Other featured paintings in the auction included Terrier in a Landscape, attributed to Thomas Earl, which sold for $22,800, well above the estimate of $3,000-5,000, and a new record for Earl. An oil depicting two pointers by the German/American artist Edmund Henry Osthaus sold for $39,000 and Charles Olivier Depenne’s Hunting Dogs at Rest beneath a Tree sold for $14,400.

As in years past, Doyle New York hosted a special champagne brunch during the Dogs in Art exhibition to benefit a canine charity. Co-hosted with the American Kennel Club (AKC), this year’s brunch benefited DOGNY, the AKC’s charitable program that supports canine search and rescue organizations across the nation through the AKC CAR Canine Support and Relief Fund.
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What is the meaning of the Dogs Playing Poker painting?

Analysis – The art work depicts seven dogs playing poker in a light blue room. The writer used seven dogs as a symbol of men in the society, especially the middle class and working men. It is a painting that shows a lot of leisure as the dogs play poker.

  • The writer is satirical in that he has used dogs to represent men in his paintings.
  • The use of dogs in the painting is humorous in that the writer showed them doing human things and it was used to attract the attention of the viewer to the picture.
  • Humor has also been used by the writer to criticize and ridicule men who play games in the society.

The painting also shows two of the seven dogs smoking pipes. A third dog is seen with a stick of cigar in its mouth. Coolidge painted the dogs smoking in order to improve the appeal of viewers to the pictures. The writer may have painted the dogs smoking for commercial purposes.

  • It can be used to advertise a brand of cigarettes or a brand of pipe from a well known company given that the picture is in the modern world.
  • The idea of using the dogs smoking can also be used to have the product remain at the back of the men’s mind for long, thus increasing sales.
  • In addition to smoking, the dogs are seen drinking from clear glasses with three bottles of a drink in between the two dogs at the back.

These can be used to show that the dogs represent people of the middle class who have money to spend on a drink or two after a working day (Andrew, 2007). A closer look at the picture shows that the dogs are having conversation as they play poker. The dog to the right is seen leaning on the wall and it is smiling which brings a lively mood in the entire room.

  • Also of interest is the fact that the dogs are of different breeds.
  • The dogs seating in the front are smaller in size unlike the dogs seating at the back.
  • The brown and grey dog seating in the front seem to be having a conversation as the grey dog is looking at the brown dog.
  • The writer may have used different breeds of dogs to show the inequality that exists in the society as all of us cannot be equal.

The picture was painted at time when America was faced with a lot of segregation. Therefore, by using different breeds of dogs, the painter successfully showed the end of segregation and that all people have the same basic rights. Also it can be seen that the grey dog is showing the brown dog its cards.

  • This reveals that there is a conspiracy to cheating and steal from the rest since it is not allowed to show one’s playing cards during the game.
  • As the grey dog is busy showing his cards to the brown dog at the back, it is looking whether the other dogs see his actions.
  • A closer look at the dogs shows that five out of the seven dogs have chains around their necks.

This is symbolic in that it shows restraint. The small dogs at the front have wider chains than the other dogs. This shows that one should be restrained from whatever he is doing, especially where money is involved. From the above analysis of the paining of the dogs playing poker, I put myself in Coolidge view point of the painting.

  • As time and event passes and technology evolves, our perception of the painting changes.
  • The painting by Coolidge affected many other painters.
  • The research I did on my painting showed that it was used as an advertising tool for cigars by a company.
  • It was also used to advertise a beer brand, as it shows the dogs enjoying beer from the three brown bottles (Schummer, 2008).

This showed that a painting can elicit a conversation between people as they try to figure out its meaning. Those looking at the painting are forced to figure out what the artist really meant. The painting is a subject to speculation. In as much as the painting is used as an advertising tool, my analysis shows that it depicted a class of wealthy men who joined together by the high profile game of poker.
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What is the story behind the Dogs Playing Poker?

The Dogs Playing Poker series – It is unknown where Coolidge got his idea for his first poker dogs painting ( Poker Game, 1894). However, the image’s composition is thought to have been inspired by works of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Georges de La Tour, and Paul Cézanne, who all have their own depictions of a card game scene—albeit with humans as the subject, rather than dogs. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge It wasn’t until almost a decade after the first poker dog painting that Coolidge was commissioned by Brown & Bigelow. The 16-piece series includes depictions of groups of dogs in all sorts of humanistic scenarios, including a football game, a road trip, and even a jester performing for a royal couple, Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge “Sitting up with a Sick Friend” by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons ) Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge
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What art style is Dogs Playing Poker?

Poker Game, oil on canvas, 1894 Dogs Playing Poker, by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, refers collectively to an 1894 painting, a 1903 series of sixteen oil paintings commissioned by Brown & Bigelow to advertise cigars, and a 1910 painting. All eighteen paintings in the overall series feature anthropomorphized dogs, but the eleven in which dogs are seated around a card table have become well known in the United States as examples of kitsch art in home decoration.

  • Depictions and reenactments of the series have appeared in many films, television shows, theater productions, and other popular culture art forms.
  • Critic Annette Ferrara has described Dogs Playing Poker as “indelibly burned into,
  • The American collective- schlock subconscious,
  • Through incessant reproduction on all manner of pop ephemera “.

The first painting, Coolidge’s 1894 Poker Game, sold for $658,000 at a 2015 auction.
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What is the most famous Dogs Playing Poker painting?

Beloved By All But The Art World – The Dogs Playing Poker Painting by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge A work that has penetrated every pore of popular culture, Dogs Playing Poker was first painted in 1894 by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, an American artist who worked several odd jobs before he turned to painting.

  • However, the work refers to no just one painting, but eighteen of them,
  • In addition to the artist’s original Poker Game from 1894, there are sixteen other oil paintings commissioned in 1903 by Brown & Bigelow to advertise cigars, and an additional 1910 painting.
  • All of these paintings are populated by comical, humanized dogs, while only nine paintings feature dogs playing poker.

With their expressive faces, smoker pipes, and whiskey glasses, Coolidge’s poker dogs have become iconic. Critic Annette Ferrara has described Dogs Playing Poker as “indelibly burned into, the American collective-schlock subconscious, through incessant reproduction on all manner of pop ephemera”, Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Cassius Marcellus Coolidge – A Friend in Need, 1903
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How do I find a paintings value?

Appraisals & Appraisers – Consider finding an appraiser to determine the value of your artwork. Appraisers are trained specialists who work for a fee. They evaluate your piece and give you a written statement of its value. Although the following organizations do not provide appraisals themselves, they each publish a directory of their members.

  • American Society of Appraisers 11107 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 310 Reston, VA 20190 (703) 478-2228 or 1-800-ASA-VALU
  • Appraisers Association of America 212 West 35th Street, 11th Floor South New York, NY 10001 (212) 889-5404
  • International Society of Appraisers 303 West Madison Street, Suite 2650 Chicago, IL 60606 (312) 981-6778

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How is poker a metaphor for life?

Life as Poker Next week I am presenting at a conference some research on perceptions of economic fairness and unfairness. My presentation will focus on the fairness of wealth inequality and methods of acquiring wealth. As I thought about these issues it occurred to me that at the root of differences in acquiring and maintaining wealth are factors over which we have absolutely no control.

  1. In other words, it seems to me that poker is an excellent metaphor for life.
  2. In poker you are dealt hands that are not of your choosing.
  3. Sometimes you are lucky and dealt a strong hand.
  4. This gives you a good chance of winning that round.
  5. Sometimes you are dealt an incredibly weak hand.
  6. In this case the wisest choice is usually to fold immediately.
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Then you have all of your in-between hands, where anything might happen, depending on the way you and others play their cards and on the luck of the draw. Your total winnings depend, of course, on the outcome of all of the rounds you play. The probability of receiving a weak, mediocre, or strong hand is the same in every round, and the strength of your hand is statistically independent of every other round. Sometimes we are dealt a royal flush. In life, we are dealt a number of factors that are not of our choosing. We do not choose the we are born with. We do not choose to be male or female. We do not choose the characteristics of our parents and the way they treat us.

  1. We do not choose the country in which we were born, with its particular configuration of natural resources, economic system, and governing rules and regulations.
  2. So, life is a bit like poker.
  3. One difference, however, is that the events in our lives are not statistically independent from each other, as they are in poker.

The strength of the early hands you are dealt in life influences later life events. Some of us are lucky enough to be dealt strong hands at the beginning of the game of life. We are born with genes that predispose us toward traits that increase our chance of success in life:, energy, a cheerful disposition, self- discipline, composure and resiliency, and creativity.

We are born to parents with the resources, interest, and ability to care for us and help us live up to our highest potential. We grow up in a neighborhood where most people are well-off and happy, and violence are almost non-existent, and the school systems are staffed by competent, caring teachers who help us to acquire accurate knowledge and to think rationally, critically, and creatively.

We enter an economy in which we are relatively free to pursue any that suits us and to make a good living. Even nature is good to us: we have great weather and no natural disasters. Some of us are not so lucky. We are dealt crappy genetic hands that predispose us toward low intelligence, lethargy, antipathy, impulsiveness and deficits, irritability, and lack of,

Our parents fail to support us or actively abuse us. We live in a poor neighborhood, where crime, drug use, and other dangers run rampant. The primary goal of teachers is to get through each day without violence occurring. The information imparted by teachers is outdated and sometimes simply incorrect.

Adherence to narrow, parochial thinking rather than critical, is encouraged. Meaningful work opportunities are non-existent in a closed society where a tiny minority lives in opulence while the masses wallow in abject poverty. The land is ravaged by droughts, floods, earthquakes, or typhoons.

The people cling to superstitions in an attempt to make sense out of their misery. The German existentialist Heidegger used the word Geworfenheit to describe the “thrown-ness” of our existence. Every single one of us is thrown into an initial condition that is not of our choosing. The poker metaphor breaks down a little bit more here, because we can choose whether or not to play poker.

None of us chose whether or not to be born. Now, many people feel uncomfortable with the idea that some people are dealt extremely fortunate or unfortunate hands when they were born. It strikes them as unfair that we are thrown into a world that is not of our choosing.

  • So, people have devised emotional to shield them from their distress about this unfairness.
  • The doctrine of reincarnation conveniently explains that the fortunate or misfortunate nature of our dealt hand is a reward or for choices made in a previous lifetime, and/or that people do actively choose the conditions of their birth in order to make progress.

The doctrine of heaven and hell reassures people that birth into a difficult life is just an infinitely small inconvenience, because eternal bliss will compensate for the suffering in a person’s mortal life. Unlike Monopoly, the game of life does not give us the same starting resources. Less metaphysically, some people want the game of life to be more like Monopoly, where everyone starts on the same square with the same amount of money. There are still people who deny that some of us are born with genetic advantages and others with genetic disadvantages.

Their emotional defense mechanism makes them ignore the research that suggests otherwise. They wishfully believe that we all have the same potential to do anything. Any and all problems in life are assumed to be a function of the bad environmental hands some of us are dealt. In poker our total winnings depend on the sum total of all hands played in the game.

We can salvage early losses with better hands and better play later in the game. Social progressives believe that we can rescue people from their lousy early hands by intervening and dealing them a lot of good hands to make up for their bad start. More ambitiously, they believe that they can decrease or even eliminate some of the early bad hands through economic and educational interventions that improve, the school systems, the livability of neighborhoods, and employment opportunities.

  1. The more realistic reformers acknowledge that there are limits set by genetic constraints on our ability to improve people’s lives.
  2. But, since nobody really knows what those limits are, we might as well try our best to give the unfortunate as many good poker hands as we can.
  3. At least until they have the personal resources to play the game of life without public assistance.

Now, most of us in the U.S. are probably dealt a hand somewhere in between the extremely fortunate and unfortunate hands described above. As in poker, we make the best of the hand we are dealt. We don’t worry too much about the people who were dealt really good or really bad hands.

We may grumble a bit about the people who were lucky enough to be born into wealthy and influential families, and we might support laws aimed at redistributing some of that wealth into the middle and lower classes. We might feel bad for those who were dealt a lousy hand and might support charities or even pursue a career aimed at helping the unfortunate.

Whether or not we take an interest in those whose hands are much better or worse than our own, we have no choice but to do what we can with the hands that life continues to deal to us. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge : Life as Poker
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What does a dog symbolize in art?

Devotional Relationships: Dogs and Fidelity – Weighing of the Heart (Anubis Details), 19th Dynasty Egypt, via The British Museum, London In art, dogs have often been used as symbols of fidelity, faithfulness, protection, wealth, and unconditional love. You can see examples of it as far back as the Egyptian deity Anubis, of the Early Dynastic period, donning the head of a jackal on the body of a man.

Anubis was known as their patron deity and was also considered the protector of the bodies of the dead. Approximately 4,686 years later, during the High Renaissance, Titian painted his Venus of Urbino, as seen below, where a dog sits at Venus’ feet representing commitment and closeness to the subject’s lover.

During the Renaissance, dogs were often used to depict loyalty in and out of romantic contexts, in works such as The Washing of Feet by Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto. During the following art periods, the tradition persisted, becoming a staple for many artists long after Titian like Anne-Louis Girodet, Joseph Wright of Derby, and more.
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What does the expression hair of the dog that bit you meaning?

informal : an alcoholic drink that is taken by someone to feel better after having drunk too much at an earlier time
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Who is the artist behind the famous painting of Dogs Playing Poker?

Why This Painting of Dogs Playing Poker Has Endured for over 100 Years Art Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, A Friend in Need, 1903. Photo via Wikimedia Commons. On April 1, 2002, William Hennessey, the director of the Chrysler Museum of Art in Virginia, released a press release claiming he was trying to acquire the series of oil-on-canvas paintings universally known as “Dogs Playing Poker” (1903-1910).

  • The press release turned out to be a prank—apparently, the idea of hanging such things in a museum was an art historian’s idea of a hilarious joke.
  • Still, Hennessey admitted that he’d always genuinely liked the series.
  • And he isn’t alone.
  • The “Dogs Playing Poker” paintings, by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, belong to that pantheon of artworks—’s David, ‘s Mona Lisa, ‘s The Birth of Venus, ‘s Starry Night, ‘s Nighthawks — that are immediately recognizable to people of all ages and backgrounds, including those who don’t readily admit to enjoying art.

It is also, at least by common consensus, pretty far from great. Unlike the Mona Lisa, a masterpiece that’s been kitschified into t-shirts and memes and magnets, Coolidge’s canine paintings were kitsch to begin with, a funny sight-gag, nothing more or less than it appeared to be.

In an episode of the ‘80s sitcom Cheers, Sam the (lowbrow) bartender gushes that he notices something new every time he looks at one of the paintings; the line gets a knowing chuckle from the live studio audience. Coolidge’s series seems like the very definition of a guilty pleasure, the artistic equivalent of a Big Mac and fries.

Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, Poker Game, 1894. Photo via Wikimedia Commons So how, pray tell, did a pack of dogs playing poker outlast so many other “serious” paintings? Coolidge, who created at least eight variations on the dog/poker theme, including A Friend in Need (1903), the most frequently reproduced of the bunch, wasn’t the first to paint anthropomorphized animals—they’ve always been easy fodder for comedy.

  1. But it was his good luck to become a commercial artist at a time when American businesses were beginning to invest heavily in advertising.
  2. In 1869, the year Coolidge turned 25, the first modern ad agency, N.W.
  3. Ayer & Son, opened its doors; between 1880 and 1920, total advertising expenditures by American companies surged from 200 million dollars to 3 billion.

At the heart of this revolution were artists, whose images had to be cute, weird, or otherwise memorable enough to turn consumers’ heads. In his twenties and thirties, Coolidge dabbled in a series of jobs that may have prepared him for success as a commercial artist.

  1. Raised in the small town of Philadelphia in upstate New York, he moved in 1873 to Rochester, where he tried his hand as a druggist, a street address painter, and a cartoonist.
  2. At one point, he penned a comic opera about mosquitos.
  3. Though he lacked any formal training as an artist, Coolidge seems to have had an intuitive grasp of what made people laugh and what kinds of images they wanted to see.

Many art historians credit him with inventing “comic foregrounds,” those plywood pictures with a cut-out hole for a head, allowing passersby to pretend they’re bodybuilders or mermaids. Even if he’d never painted a single pooch, Coolidge’s place in the kitsch canon would be secure.

  1. Sir Edwin Landseer, Laying Down the Law, 1840.
  2. Photo via Wikimedia Commons.
  3. His knack for crafting playfully surreal images culminated in his magnum opus, the absurdist canine series for which he’s best remembered today.
  4. His earliest paintings of dogs playing poker, dating back to the 1870s, decorated cigar boxes and served as a way for tobacco companies to distinguish themselves from their near-identical competitors.

But it wasn’t until 1903, when Coolidge signed a contract with the Minnesota-based promotional firm Brown & Bigelow, that his success was assured. Coolidge went on to create a total of sixteen dog paintings, including A Friend in Need, for the company, and the images were endlessly reproduced in calendars advertising cigars.

These calendars proved to be massively successful, and Coolidge’s art found its way into millions of homes. What was it about the “Dogs Playing Poker” series that people liked, and continue to like, so much? Coolidge’s images are undeniably adorable, and they don’t take themselves too seriously. Perhaps most importantly, they’re weird without being alienating—something that can be said about many masterpieces of commercial art, from Mr.

Clean to Dos Equis’s Most Interesting Man in the World. With this in mind, it’s instructive to compare A Friend in Need with Laying Down the Law, an 1840 painting by the English artist that’s sometimes cited as a precursor to Coolidge’s series. On the surface, the two works are almost identical: Both feature dogs gathered in a solemn circle, acting like people (card-players in Coolidge, lawyers in Landseer).

But Landseer’s painting is meaner and more blatantly satirical than A Friend in Need ; rumor has it Landseer modeled some of the dogs off of real-life acquaintances, including the English Lord Chancellor. Coolidge’s painting has a far gentler sense of humor. It was designed, after all, to appeal to as many calendar-buyers as possible.

Where Landseer animalizes humans, Coolidge humanizes animals. In doing so, he hit upon a reliable kitsch formula that’s worked for everyone from Walt Disney to to the creator of the “Keyboard Cat” YouTube video. Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, A Bold Bluff, 1909.

  • Photo via Coolidge painted dogs ballroom dancing and playing football and baseball, but it was the one-two punch of canines and poker that’s proven most enduring.
  • This makes sense: Card games, with their inherent tension between what’s seen and what’s unseen, often make for entertaining paintings.
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In Caravaggio’s The Cardsharps (c.1595), for instance, a young sucker studies his hand while an experienced con artist signals to his accomplice, who seems to have a few bogus cards sticking out of his back pocket. The sucker doesn’t know he’s being duped, but we do.

A similar kind of dramatic irony undergirds Coolidge’s A Bold Bluff (1903), in which a Saint Bernard bets big on a pair of deuces, leaving his opponents to decide whether or not he’s fronting. (In part two of the diptych, Waterloo, completed the same year, the other dogs growl and snarl at the Saint Bernard’s hand—it looks like they picked the wrong time to fold.) Paintings of card players have long dealt with themes of lies and deceit, and the most famous iteration of Coolidge’s poker-playing dogs series is no exception.

Study A Friend in Need closely, and you’ll realize where its title comes from: Unbeknownst to the other players, the bulldog in the foreground is slipping an ace to his partner. The dirty ace hangs mere inches away from the second bulldog’s paw, echoing the outstretched hands in The Creation of Adam (c.1511) and, just as in Michelangelo’s famous fresco, heightening the suspense.

When Coolidge died in 1934, the obituary in the local paper read, “He painted many pictures of dogs.” And how. Coolidge himself remains all but unknown today, a noble, neglected pioneer in the proud 20th-century tradition of animal art. Meanwhile, his paintings of dogs playing poker routinely go for five or six figures; just a few years ago, one of the earliest installations in the series sold for $658,000 at Sotheby’s.

The auction catalogue excerpted a 1973 article from American Heritage : “Coolidge’s poker-faced style is still engaging today His details of expression, clothing, and furniture are precise. Uncannily, the earnest animals resemble people we all know.” In other words, Sam from Cheers may have been right after all.
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Is Dogs Playing Poker surrealism?

Unarguably, the anthropomorphized dogs playing poker are surreal and adorable. Although Coolidge’s body of work was not appreciated critically during his lifetime, his paintings have amassed a huge fortune. One of the earliest installations in the series sold for $658,000 at Sotheby’s.
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What does it mean to be dog at a game?

What does the term “dog player” mean in the world of sports betting? What does the term “dog player” mean? In sports betting, a “dog player” is a person who chooses to place their money on underdogs (the underdog is the team or player who is NOT favored to win). For instance – let’s say that the odds for a Champions League game look like this: Man City, 1.40 Draw, 3.20 Man Utd, 3.50 Now, the “dog player” would bet on either the draw or Man Utd lines, as both have fairly long odds of winning. A successful £100 bet on Man Utd would yield a total profit of £250, while a successful £100 bet on a draw taking place would yield a total profit of £220.

  • The “dog player” will look for underdog lines in which they believe there is some value.
  • For instance, maybe the dog player knows that Man Utd usually plays Man City very tough, and perhaps they have a great chance of pulling off the upset.
  • Perhaps Man City is being slowed by injuries, or perhaps the game is not particularly important to the Man City club.

“Dog players” will look for an edge by taking underdogs that they think provides some value.
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What is the most popular style of poker?

Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Thanks to televised events like the World Series of Poker, the game of poker has risen in popularity in recent years. Players are attracted to the game’s combination of psychology, probability and, of course, luck in trying to put together winning hands time after time.

  • If you visit a casino, you’ll notice that there are multiple different types of poker, each with slight rule variations that change the complexity and the strategy of each game.
  • Here are five common types of poker you’re likely to see played at a casino,1.
  • Five Card Draw Considered one of the simplest forms of poker, five card draw starts with each player receiving five cards.

After the initial deal, players can choose up to three cards to trade in exchange for new cards. The player with the best five-card combination wins.2. Texas Hold ’em By far the most popular version of poker played in America, Texas Hold ’em is the version of poker played in the World Series of Poker.

The game starts with each player receiving two cards to keep to themselves, and then progresses as five community cards are laid onto the table.1 “Players bet a total of four times during the game: after each player receives to cards, then three more times as the community cards are laid on the table,” says a spokesperson for The Casino at Dania Beach,

“Players use a combination of their own two cards and the five community cards to put together the best five-card combination possible, with the best overall combination winning the hand—and the chips.” 3. Omaha Hold ’em This variant of poker looks a lot like Texas Hold ’em, with two importance differences.

  • First, players are dealt four cards instead of two at the start of the hand.
  • And the five community cards are all turned over at the same time, instead of being spread out over three rounds.
  • However, players can only use two of their own cards when putting together the best five-card combination.4.
  • Seven Card Stud In this game, each player is dealt seven cards.

Three are face down, and four are face up and visible to the entire table. Players use those seven cards to create the best five-card hand possible. “Compared to a game like five card draw, seven card stud can feature more dangerous hands since players have seven cards to choose from, instead of five,” says a spokesperson for The Casino at Dania Beach, Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge 5. Video Poker If you ask a poker enthusiast, video poker is not the same as a regular poker game. With this machine-based version, there are no other players—you’re only playing against the computer to put together the best hand possible. It’s not the same as the real thing, but if you find yourself overwhelmed at the live poker tables, it might be worth taking a break for the relatively lower-stakes, lower-stress experience offered by a video poker machine.
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Why do people wear sunglasses while playing poker?

Why Do Poker Players Wear Sunglasses? – Poker players that wear sunglasses are likely doing so in an attempt to disguise physical tells, Sunglasses conceal the areas right around the eyes, along with the eyes themselves. Eye twitches, glancing at your chips, or looking away from an opponent’s stare can all signal certain things at a poker table.

To scan other players for tells without them knowing To look cool or portray a table image To shield from bright lights around the table To improve mental focus

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What is that famous picture of Dogs Playing Poker?

Dogs Playing Poker refers collectively to an 1894 painting, a series of sixteen oil paintings, and a 1910 painting by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge. Brown & Bigelow commissioned the 16 painting series in 1903 to advertise cigars.
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What do dogs represent in Renaissance paintings?

Barking Mad! Dogs in Art Whether featured as symbols of fidelity, devotion, protection, and status, or as the subjects of portraits – some with surprisingly human-like characteristics – dogs have long fascinated artists and collectors. You can find images of dogs in contexts from prehistoric cave paintings to contemporary photographs by William Wegman, and in all cultures.

  • Here is a selection of some favourite dog imagery in art.J.
  • Van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife, 1434, The National Gallery, London In the Renaissance, the presence of dogs in paintings generally symbolised love, devotion and fidelity.
  • In Jan van Eyck’s popular Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife (1434), a little Griffon terrier stands between the couple at their feet.

While they look at one another, the dog looks directly out at the viewer, and has generally been interpreted as a symbol of the couple’s fidelity to one another. He is not a hunting dog but rather a lap dog, possibly a gift from husband to wife, and certainly an indication of the couple’s wealth, status, and position in society.

Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1534, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence Scholars have attached similar meaning to the small brown and white dog in Titian’s Venus of Urbino, sleeping next to the reclining nude goddess. Despite the sensuality of the figure, which may be an allegorical marriage portrait, the fact that the dog remains asleep has been taken to mean that the intended viewer is the woman’s husband – and thus, in this context, admiration of her is permitted.G.

Dou, Dog at rest, 1650, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA Two centuries later, Leiden painter and Rembrandt pupil Gerrit Dou made a sleeping puppy the central subject of a small painting (1650). It is unique in Dou’s oeuvr e – only one other animal still life by the artist is known – and Dou has painstakingly described every detail of the scene, from the dog’s fur and wet nose, to the light reflected on the terracotta jug behind it, to the rough texture of the bundle of kindling sticks.

  1. As to the meaning behind the scene – while it is apparently inspired by Rembrandt drawings and etchings of a similar subject, the same dog appears in the right-hand corner of another painting by Dou, and may well have been a beloved family pet.
  2. This painting was part of the Van Otterloo bequest to the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and is now one of the museum’s most popular works.W.

Hogarth, The painter and his pug, 1745, Tate Gallery, London Although portraits of individual dogs were unusual in Dou’s time, they had become far more common by the time William Hogarth painted the self-portrait The Painter and his pug (1745), giving his dog, Trump, equal billing in the title.

  1. While the artist appears only in the form of his portrait, Trump appears as though from life, and apparently paying the portrait behind him little heed. Sir E.
  2. Landseer RA, Eos, 1841, The Royal Collection, UK Royal dogs had their moment as well.
  3. Among the most famous dogs painted by Sir Edwin Landseer, known as a consummate painter of animals and of dogs in particular, is his Eos (1841).

Eos was Prince Albert’s favourite greyhound, and accompanied her master when he first arrived in England in 1840 to marry Queen Victoria. This elegant portrait, in which Eos stands guarding Prince Albert’s black silk top hat and gloves, was commissioned by the Queen as a Christmas gift for her beloved husband; according to her diary entry, Albert was ‘quite delighted’ with the painting.

Lucian Freud and William Acquavella with Eli, 2011, photograph by David Dawson Equally devoted to his dogs, whippets Pluto and Eli, was the great 20 th century painter Lucian Freud. They appear in both leading and supporting roles, in oil paintings and in etchings, and impacted Freud’s view of his human subjects.

He explained: ‘I’m really interested in people as animals.Part of my liking to work from them naked is for that reasonI like people to look as natural and as physically at ease as animals, as Pluto my whippet.’ Freud’s last painting, which remained unfinished at his death in 2011, featured his whippet Eli alongside model and studio assistant David Dawson.

  1. David Hockney and his dogs, photograph by Richard Schmidt To end, we have David Hockney’s paintings of his beloved dachshunds Stanley and Boogie.
  2. They inspired Hockney’s 1995 show Dog Days, which featured 45 paintings of the two in various poses.
  3. Hockney was far from the first artist to find inspiration in the dachshund: Andy Warhol was known to bring his dachshund, Archie, to restaurants, hiding him under his napkin; while Picasso drew his dachshund, Lump, as a single, sinuous line.

Earlier still, Giacomo Balla’s Futurist masterpiece Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash (1912) reduces a sausage dog to a blur of scampering legs. As Hockney explained, ‘They’re like little people to me.’ No wonder he, and so many before him, have found them as inspiring to paint as human subjects.G.
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What do dogs traditionally represent in European painting?

Something interesting happened to painting in sixteenth-century Venice. Images of dogs became much more common. Perhaps for the first time, dogs even became the principal subject-matter, as in the 1548 Two Hunting Dogs Tied to a Tree Stump (Louvre) by Jacopo Bassano (d.1592). Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge In Renaissance Italy dogs were symbols of loyalty. Alciato’s Emblemata (1531) says clearly: ‘Dogs mean fidelity’. This symbolism is found in Ripa’s Iconologia (1593): ‘the dog is the most faithful animal in the world, and beloved by men.’ They were also a sign of high social status.

  • Sixteenth-century Venice was becoming more aristocratic and less republican.
  • Noble families wanted to display their wealth, which they did by building Palladian villas on the mainland, with large estates for hunting, and by breeding dogs.
  • Italian aristocrats had often included dogs in their portraits, most memorably in Mantegna’s Camera Picta (1465–1474), where the Marquis of Mantua’s favourite dog ‘Rubino’ sits sedately under his chair.

— Sarah Cockram (@sarah_cockram) April 8, 2021 Bassano was the preeminent canine painter in Venice, as shown by the four dogs in his The Adoration of the Kings (Scottish National Gallery). Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Bassano’s paintings of rustic scenes suited the tastes of this new generation of Venetian nobility. His close observation of animals and naturalistic style can be seen in The Good Samaritan of c.1562–1563 (National Gallery). Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge In the bottom right two dogs lap up oil and wine from a vessel which the Samaritan has used to heal the traveller’s wounds. Attentively painted, each brushstroke reveals the texture of the dogs’ coat and movement of their bodies. Subtle shifts in tone show how precisely the artist looked at his models and reproduced their colouring.

Bassano even makes the dogs expressive, as one casts his eye to the dog on the right, who turns his head away. In their close companionship, these dogs echo the painting’s story. Dogs are very noticeable in the art of the greatest Venetian painter, Titian, They appear increasingly in his paintings from the 1530s, around the time he moved into a large house with a garden where he would live and work for the rest of his life.

In the parish of San Canciano, the house was referred to as casa da statio, suggesting it was an upper-class home. Like his compatriots, Titian wanted to express his social standing, and among the many family and servants who lived in the property would have been several dogs. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge The two-year-old Clarissa feeds her red and white dog a ring-shaped biscuit. She appears somewhat scared and leans into her companion who seems to guard her. They both glance to the left at something happening outside the painting. Titian emphasises their togetherness by their similar features: big eyes and button-noses.

  1. Clarissa Strozzi (1540–1581) was the daughter of Roberto Strozzi and Maddalena dei Medici who were exiled in Venice between 1536 and 1542.
  2. As the child of two important Florentine families this is a political portrait, but although the dog and heavy pearl jewellery represents the family’s status, the dog adds a note of infant fun.

The same is true in a painting of around the same time, Titian’s magnificent group portrait The Vendramin Family (National Gallery). Nine male members of a Venetian patrician clan venerate a relic of the True Cross which was held at the Scuola di San Giovanni Evangelista. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge While the older men and teenagers show due reverence, three younger boys struggle to control themselves. The youngest sits on a step and holds the same red and white spaniel. Both dog and boy, like Clarissa, turn to see what the fuss is about. Again, Titian takes a dull political picture and adds a funny, human element with the inclusion of a dog, but this actually reinforces the painting’s message. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge The first tells the story of the hunter Actaeon who accidently stumbles upon the goddess Diana and her nymphs bathing. Both Acteon and Diana have companion dogs, and through their reactions Titian encapsulates the whole narrative. Acteon’s hound looks inquisitively at his master, wondering why they have suddenly stopped. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Quite different are the two dogs in Diana and Callisto, who seem tired after the hunt. Actaeon’s dog reappears, wearing his red collar with gold studs, now the property of Diana. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge We can appreciate how closely the artist observed real dogs by the way the hound slumps on the ground and hangs out his tongue. Philip II was keen on hunting, and Titian took up this theme in his earlier poesie, Venus and Adonis (Prado, Madrid). This composition was extremely popular, and Titian’s studio produced multiple versions, three of which are in UK collections: at Hatchlands Park, the Dulwich Picture Gallery and the National Gallery. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge The way Titian chooses to tell the story, Venus begs her lover Adonis not to go hunting (where he will be killed by a boar), but the impetuous youth ignores her. He, like his dogs, is ready for action. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge In all three versions we see the same dogs, each an individual portrait, all in the same poses. Every hound has caught the scent (the dog nearest seems to smell us), and they twist and pull at the leash. Again, Titian uses dogs to intensify the narrative. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge My favourite Venetian canine painter was Paolo Veronese (1528–1588). Veronese was the perfect artist for the new, more aristocratic nobility in Venice. His paintings reflected their lifestyle and were incredibly popular. While Bassano’s dogs are naturalistic, Veronese’s dogs have personality and character, adding humanity and humour to his paintings. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Funnily, Veronese’s dogs often seem to act like us the viewer, as with the two greyhounds in the centre of the Louvre’s enormous Wedding Feast at Cana (1563), seen here in a nineteenth-century copy by Henri Fantin-Latour in Ulster Museum. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge A close-up copy of these dogs can be seen in a painting in the collection at Kingston Lacy. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Two Greyhounds Paolo Veronese (1528–1588) (after) National Trust, Kingston Lacy Tied together by the same leash, one dog lies on the ground and gnaws on a bone while the other stands up alert looking off to the right, pulling at his companion. In the original it’s clear his attention has been caught by the miracle taking place, as astonished servants see that Christ has transformed water into wine (or maybe this is a joke, and the dog is actually transfixed by the cat pawing at the wine jug).

  1. We, the viewers, are like these dogs: half of us is consumed by the lavish feast, half focuses on the divine event.
  2. On the left of Veronese’s The Family of Darius before Alexander (National Gallery) can be seen two dwarf spaniels.
  3. Again, each dog displays a different attitude.
  4. One writhes and snarls and is restrained by a court jester, a dwarf like the spaniel itself.

The other sits calmly in the arms of a women, staring comically out of the canvas – the only character in this multi-figured canvas to make eye-contact with the viewer. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge The Family of Darius tells a complicated story of mistaken identity. It’s an extremely long canvas (475 cm), and Veronese frames the picture with dogs at either end. On the right is another hound trying to walk away. He is also being restrained, this time by a solider. Dogs Playing Poker Cassius Marcellus Coolidge Again the artist uses a dog to make an art-historical joke. Firstly in his expression, as he attempts to understand the symbolism. Secondly, in the way he leans back and cranes his neck. This is the same body position we would have adopted. From the strange perspective ( sotto in su or ‘seen from below’) we know the painting would have decorated a ceiling and been difficult to view – this dog has the same problem.

All these dogs are a testament to the naturalism of Venetian painting, and show how these artists understood the expressive possibilities of nature. They evidence a changing society, the new popularity of dogs mirroring an increasingly aristocratic Venice. Finally, they anticipate a new genre, as true animal painting emerged in the seventeenth century.

Luke Uglow, art historian and lecturer at the University of York
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How can I get my painting appraised for free?

Free Art Estimates Please email to receive a free estimate of your artwork. Original art only please (oil paintings, watercolors, acrylics, pastel, pencil, sculpture, etc.). We will research your artwork and get back to you via e-mail within a few business days.

I nformation needed: artist, title, year painted, size in inches (image area only), medium (i.e. watercolor, oil, etc.), condition, an image of the artwork, and any other information you’d like to share. Please note: when appraising an original work of art many factors are taken into consideration (i.e.

authenticity, condition, subject matter, signature, medium, date, etc.). For the purposes of this appraisal it should be understood that the estimated value will be made from an average of auction records over the past decade, or any available auction records pertaining to the artist in question.
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Is there an app to value paintings?

Smartifiy is an app that allows users to instantly identify artworks and access information about them, by simply scanning them with a smartphone. Smartify is available for free to download on iOS and Android devices.
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Can I take a picture of art and search it on Google?

​Google – Search by Image – a reverse image search engine ​ –

Google’s “Search by Image” was launched in the summer of 2011 and was the first serious competition for the TinEye image search engine. The big difference is that Google’s search algorithms are very powerful and tend to return a lot more images than Tineye Using Google ‘Search by Image’ you can

  • just put your picture in the search box on
  • click the camera icon in the search box and upload a photo from your computer or paste the URL of an image from the web.
  • drag and drop pictures from webpages or your computer into the search box.

When using Chrome just right click any image and you will find an option to reverse search it using Google Reverse Image Search ​ This search engine works best when there is related and unique content already on the web.

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How old is Dogs Playing Poker painting?

Dogs Playing Poker refers collectively to an 1894 painting, a series of sixteen oil paintings, and a 1910 painting by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge. Brown & Bigelow commissioned the 16 painting series in 1903 to advertise cigars.
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How much did the Card Players painting sell for?

Cézanne’s Card Players Shatters Record For Highest Price Ever For A Work Of Art This article is more than 10 years old. Paul Cézanne’s The Card Players, recently purchased by Qatar’s royal family for an estimated $250, million. Qatar just shed its art rookie status for good.

The has purchased Cézanne’s The Card Players for more than $250 million, nearly doubling the previous auction record for a work of art. Vanity Fair the story Thursday, confirming whispers that the record-setting transaction had taken place earlier in 2011. The oil painting, depicting a pair of Aix-en-Provence farmhands engaged in a game of cards, is one of five works in a series by famed French post-Impressionist, Paul Cézanne.

The remaining four—all believed to have been created at the turn of the 20 th century—reside in collections from the world’s most venerable fine arts institutions: the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Courtauld, the Musée d’Orsay and the Barnes Foundation.

Qatar’s own Card Players acquisition puts the country’s art stash in the same line of sight. But why so expensive? First, there’s the inherent value of a Cézanne. He was “the father of us all” to Picasso and a dear leader to Matisse (“If Cézanne is right, then I am right”). Then there’s the mystique of a masterwork rarely seen.

Greek shipping tycoon George Embiricos preferred to keep the painting mostly private and reportedly turned down nine-figure offers to buy. All reasons the artwork was one of the world’s top art pieces still in private hands. And that’s exactly the kind of treasure Qatar craves.

  1. The oil-flush kingdom has rapidly asserted itself as a world-class intellectual mecca, courting top universities and financial institutions and muscling its way into cultural relevancy.
  2. That includes amassing copious amounts of premium art (both Western and Islamic) of which The Card Players will be its crowning jewel.

: Cézanne’s Card Players Shatters Record For Highest Price Ever For A Work Of Art
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How much is Jeff Koons art worth?

The most ever paid for a Jeff Koons sculpture was a whopping $91,075,000 for the piece. This is an outlier, but even so many of Koons major works have sold between 15 and 40 million dollars, making him one of the most profitable artists in the world today.
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What artist paintings are worth money?

Ranking the most valuable paintings in private hands

Author Work Estimated Value
Caravaggio The Crowning with Thorns $150 million
Caravaggio The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula $190 million
Pablo Picasso Nude, Green Leaves, and Bust (Nu au Plateau de Sculpteur) $185 million
Pablo Picasso The Mirror (Le Miroir) $140 million

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